Development and analysis of turbulence models for flows with strong curvature and rotation

Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm : Mekanik

Sammanfattning: An explicit algebraic Reynolds stress model (EARSM) based ona pressure strain rate model including terms tensoriallynonlinear in the mean velocity gradients is developed in orderto improve predictions for .ows with strong curvature and/orrotation. This work has been carried out in the context of acollaborative international project on high-lift aerodynamics.For 2D mean .ows the nonlinear terms can easily be accountedfor in the model formulation. This is not the case for 3D mean.ows and approximations making the 2D and 3D mean .owformulations consistent are suggested. The proposed EARSM, theparent-EARSM and the corresponding di.erential Reynolds stressmodels (DRSM) are tested for spanwise rotating channel .ow andaxially rotating pipe .ow. The model predictions are comparedto experimental and DNS data. The nonlinear extensions areshown to have a signi.cant e.ect on the .ow predictions,somewhat less pronounced for the DRSM though. The turbulentdi.usion modelling in the EARSM computations is important forthe rotating pipe. It is shown that by using a Daly and Harlowdi.usion model, turbulence levels in good agreement withexperiments and DRSM can be achieved. However, by using asimpler e.ective eddy viscosity based di.usion model theturbulence kinetic energy levels are drastically overpredicted.Finally the proposed EARSM is tested on a standard high-liftcon.guration. The EARSM predictions are compared withexperiments and the predictions made by the standard K - ?two-equation model.Descriptors:Turbulence model, nonlinear modelling,streamline curvature, high-lift aerodynamics.