Sökning: "x-ray diffraction"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 711 avhandlingar innehållade orden x-ray diffraction.

  1. 1. Nanofabrication of Diffractive Soft X-ray Optics

    Författare :Magnus Lindblom; Hans M. Hertz; Erik H. Anderson; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Nanofabrication; Zone plate; x-ray; diffractive x-ray optics; x-ray microscopy; Optics; Optik; Physics; Fysik;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis summarizes the present status of the nanofabrication of diffractive optics, i.e. zone plates, and test objects for soft x-ray microscopy at KTH. The emphasis is on new and improved fabrication processes for nickel and germanium zone plates. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Coherent Diffractive Imaging with X-ray Lasers

    Författare :Max Felix Hantke; Filipe R. N. C. Maia; Janos Hajdu; Martin Svenda; Edgar Weckert; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; coherent diffractive X-ray imaging; lensless imaging; coherent X-ray diffractive imaging; flash diffractive imaging; single particle imaging; aerosol injection; electrospray injection; substrate-free sample delivery; carboxysome; phase retrieval; X-ray diffraction software; X-ray free-electron laser; XFEL; FEL; CXI; CDI; CXDI; FXI;

    Sammanfattning : The newly emerging technology of X-ray free-electron lasers (XFELs) has the potential to revolutionise molecular imaging. XFELs generate very intense X-ray pulses and predictions suggest that they may be used for structure determination to atomic resolution even for single molecules. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Ultrafast Coherent X-ray Diffractive Nanoimaging

    Författare :Filipe R. N. C. Maia; Janos Hajdu; David van der Spoel; Keith Nugent; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :XFEL; Phasing; Image Reconstruction; Single Particle Imaging; Ultrafast Diffraction; X-ray diffraction; Coherent Diffractive Imaging; CXDI;

    Sammanfattning : X-ray lasers are creating unprecedented research opportunities in physics,chemistry and biology. The peak brightness of these lasers exceeds presentsynchrotrons by 1010, the coherence degeneracy parameters exceedsynchrotrons by 109, and the time resolution is 105 times better. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Imaging Living Cells with an X-ray Laser

    Författare :Gijs van der Schot; Tomas Ekeberg; Janos Hajdu; Filipe Maia; Pierre Thibault; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; Coherent diffractive X-ray imaging; flash X-ray imaging; lensless imaging; single particle imaging; cyanobacteria; phasing; image classification; substrate-free sample delivery; X-ray free-electron laser; XFEL; FEL; CDXI; CDI; CXI; FXI; Chemistry with specialization in Biophysics; Kemi med inriktning mot biofysik;

    Sammanfattning : Imaging living cells at a resolution higher than the resolution of optical microscopy is a significant challenge. Fluorescence microscopy can achieve a degree of super-resolution via labeling cellular components with a fluorescent dye. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Studies of Phonons and Phase Transitions by Time-Resolved X-ray Diffraction

    Författare :Henrik Enquist; Atomfysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; synchrotron radiation; ultrashort pulses; material science; phase transition; X-ray diffraction; phonon; X-ray detector;

    Sammanfattning : When light is used to study structures, the wavelength limits the size of the details that can be resolved. Visible light can be used to investigate structures as small as a micrometre in size. To study smaller structures a shorter wavelength is required. LÄS MER