Sökning: "withdrawal symptoms"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 38 avhandlingar innehållade orden withdrawal symptoms.

  1. 1. Dopaminergic stabilizers for the treatment of schizophrenia. Rat studies focusing on negative symptoms and mechanisms of action

    Författare :Johan P. Rung; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; ACR16; dopaminergic stabilizers; -MK-801; motor activity; negative symptoms; - -OSU6162; prolactin; rat; schizophrenia; social withdrawal;

    Sammanfattning : Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder manifested by positive, negative and cognitive symptoms. Current antipsychotic drugs have poor effects on negative and cognitive symptoms, thus necessitating the development of new antipsychotic treatments. Dopaminergic stabilizers constitute a novel concept for the treatment of schizophrenia. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Gluten challenge in children with coeliac disease. With special reference to dose dependence and impact on growth markers and growth hormone secretion

    Författare :Ulf Jansson; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :Coeliac disease; children; gluten challenge; gluten dose; symptoms; enteropathy; ALP; ALAT; ASAT; albumin; IGF-I; GH.;

    Sammanfattning : Coeliac disease is a prevalent food intolerance in both children and adults, in which ingestion of gluten causes inflammation of the small intestine. This inflammation resolves upon gluten withdrawal, and gluten challenge induces relapse of enteropathy in susceptible individuals. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Behavioral effects of female sex steroid hormones : models of PMS and PMDD in Wistar rats

    Författare :Magnus Löfgren; Torbjörn Bäckström; Inga-Maj Johansson; Per Södersten; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; PMS; PMDD; rats; progesterone; estradiol; behavior; individual response; stress interaction; tolerance; withdrawal; learning and memory; anxiety.; Biological research on drug dependence; Biologisk beroendeforskning; Endocrinology; Endokrinologi; Obstetrics and gynaecology; Obstetrik och gynekologi; Pharmacological research; Farmakologisk forskning; Obstetrics and gynaecology; Obstetrik och gynekologi; Psychology; Psykologi; obstetrik och gynekologi; Obstetrics and Gynaecology;

    Sammanfattning : Background Animal models can be used to mimic human conditions of psychopathology, and also as pre-clinical models to evaluate candidate drugs. With hormonal treatment it is possible to produce behavior in the rat which corresponds to the mental symptoms of pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS), and pre-menstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). LÄS MER

  4. 4. Benzodiazepine and opioid dependence. Clinical and meta-analytical studies

    Författare :Björn Axel Johansson; Kliniskt Centrum för Hälsofrämjande Vård; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; clinical psychology; psychosomatics; Psychiatry; meta-analysis; opioid dependence; RCT; naltrexone; prescribed drugs; maintenance treatment; methadone; withdrawal symptoms; benzodiazepine dependence; DSM-IV; Psykiatri; klinisk psykologi; psykosomatik;

    Sammanfattning : The thesis contains 4 papers, two clinical studies and two meta-analyses. In the BZD taper study (Paper I) 21 BZD dependent (DSM-IV) patients were included for a 10-day inpatient detoxification. The average defined daily dose (DDD) was 4.7 doses. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Neurobiological basis of the nicotine withdrawal reaction : an experimental analysis

    Författare :Bengt E. Hildebrand; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; rat; nicotine; nicotine withdrawal; behavior; locomotor activity; microdialysis; intracerebral injections; mesolimbocortical; dopamine; ventral tegmental area; nucleus accumbens; amygdala; immediate-early genes; c-fos;

    Sammanfattning : The mesolimbocortical dopamine (DA) system is pivotal for the mediation of the reinforcing effects of many dependence-producing drugs. It consists of cell bodies in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) that project to e.g. the nucleus accumbens (NAC), the central nucleus of amygdala (CNA) and the medial prefrontal cortex. LÄS MER