Sökning: "warm dense matter"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 7 avhandlingar innehållade orden warm dense matter.

  1. 1. Collisional effects on electrostatic shock waves and heating in laser-generated plasmas

    Författare :Andréas Sundström; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; plasma physics; inverse Bremsstrahlung; warm dense matter; binary collisions; electrostatic shocks; laser-plasmas;

    Sammanfattning : Electrostatic shock waves are associated with an electrostatic field structure propagating at supersonic speed through laboratory or astrophysical plasmas. Shock ion acceleration schemes, based on the strong electrostatic field in the shock structure, show promising potential due to the narrow energy spread of accelerated ions – which can be applied in plasma diagnostics, the generation of warm dense matter or medical purposes. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Development and Applications of a Laser-Wakefield X-ray Source

    Författare :Isabel Gallardo Gonzalez; Atomfysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; laser-wakefield acceleration; betatron radiation; ionization-induced trapping; direct laser acceleration; laser-wakefield merging; warm dense matter; phase-contrast imaging; Fysicumarkivet A:2018:Gallardo;

    Sammanfattning : In laser-wakefield acceleration (LWFA), a femtosecond laser pulse is tightly focused in a gas to intensities exceeding 1018 W/cm2 . The laser radiation ionizes the medium and excites a plasma wave that travels behind the laser pulse. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Development and Applications of a Laser-Wakefield X-ray Source (updated)

    Författare :Isabel Gallardo Gonzalez; Atomfysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; laser-wakefield acceleration; betatron radiation; ionization-induced trapping; direct laser acceleration; laser-wakefield merging; warm dense matter; phase-contract imaging;

    Sammanfattning : In laser-wakefield acceleration (LWFA), a femtosecond laser pulse is tightly focused in a gas to intensities exceeding 1018 W/cm2 . The laser radiation ionizes the medium and excites a plasma wave that travels behind the laser pulse. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Molecules at stellar death: from the winds of massive evolved stars to supernova remnants

    Författare :Sofia Wallström; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; stellar mass-loss; supernova remnants; circumstellar matter; IRAS 17163-3907; yellow hypergiant stars; Cassiopeia A;

    Sammanfattning : Massive stars play a key role in the chemical and dust budget of the galaxy, producing heavy elements, molecules, and dust. At the end of their lives they evolve through stages of significant mass-loss which affect the subsequent evolution of the star, including whether or not it will eventually explode as a supernova (SN). LÄS MER

  5. 5. Ultrafast Structural and Electron Dynamics in Soft Matter Exposed to Intense X-ray Pulses

    Författare :Olof Jönsson; Carl Caleman; Nicusor Timneanu; Olle Björneholm; Jörgen Larsson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; X-ray free-electron laser; Serial Femtosecond Crystallography; Radiation Damage; Plasma Simulations; Ultrafast Lasers; X-ray Imaging; Diffraction Theory; Ultrafast Phenomena; Hit Detection; Plasma Emission Spectra; Serial Femtosecond Crystallography; Protein Structure; Protein Crystallography; Metalloprotein; Non-thermal Heating; Water; Ferredoxin; NLTE Simulation; XFEL; FEL; SFX; Physics with specialization in Biophysics; Fysik med inriktning mot biofysik;

    Sammanfattning : Investigations of soft matter using ultrashort high intensity pulses have been made possible through the advent of X-ray free-electrons lasers. The last decade has seen the development of a new type of protein crystallography where femtosecond dynamics can be studied, and single particle imaging with atomic resolution is on the horizon. LÄS MER