Sökning: "transient evolution"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 49 avhandlingar innehållade orden transient evolution.

  1. 1. The evolution of ribonucleotide reductases

    Författare :Daniel Lundin; Anthony Poole; Britt-Marie Sjöberg; Christos Ouzounis; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Evolution; ribonucleotide reductase; horizontal gene transfer; phylogeny; protein classification; Molecular biology; Molekylärbiologi; molekylärbiologi; Molecular Biology;

    Sammanfattning : Ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) catalyses the transformation of RNA building blocks, ribonucleotides, to DNA building blocks, deoxyribonucleotides. This is the only extant reaction pathway for de novo synthesis of DNA building blocks and the enzyme is thus necessary for life. RNR is found in all but a few organisms. LÄS MER

  2. 2. On the origin and evolution of blue compact galaxies

    Författare :Göran A. Östlin; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Astronomy; galaxies - compact; formation; evolution; starburst; interactions; dwarf; photometry; kinematics and dynamics; low surface brightness galaxies; Astronomi; Astronomy and astrophysics; Astronomi och astrofysik; astronomi; Astronomy;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis is focused on the origin and evolution of blue compact galaxies (BCGs). BCGs are low mass galaxies characterised by blue colours, low chemical abundances and high star formation rates. The gas consumtion time scale is considerable shorter than the age of the universe and thus the high star formation rate must be transient. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Stability and Statistical Analysis of Transient Waves in Fusion Plasmas

    Författare :Gergö Pokol; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; short-time Fourier transform; transient MHD mode; wavelet transform; quasi-linear diffusion; runaway electron; transient transport; stellarator; tokamak disruption; fusion plasma physics; whistler wave;

    Sammanfattning : Thermonuclear energy generation in magnetically confined plasmas offers an appealing energy source for coming generations. Some of the still unsolved problems in fusion plasma physics involve plasma transport and stability of plasma waves. Two such problems are addressed in the present thesis. LÄS MER

  4. 4. How transient interactions in the crowded cytosol affect protein mobility and stability

    Författare :Sarah Leeb; Mikael Oliveberg; Magnus Wolf-Watz; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; diffusive transient interactions; macromolecular crowding; protein stability; in-cell NMR; protein evolution; Biophysics; biofysik;

    Sammanfattning : Most biochemical reactions have evolved in crowded intracellular environments. However, the complexity of intracellular environments is often neglected in structural or functional studies of proteins. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Towards Understanding of Selectivity & Enantioconvergence of an Epoxide Hydrolase

    Författare :Åsa Janfalk Carlsson; Mikael Widersten; Uwe T. Bornscheuer; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Epoxide hydrolase; Epoxide; Enantioselectivity; Regioselectivity; Enantioconvergence; Crystal structures; Biocatalysis; Immobilization; Transient kinetics; CASTing; Directed evolution; Biokemi; Biochemistry;

    Sammanfattning : Epoxide hydrolase I from Solanum tuberosum (StEH1) and isolated variants thereof has been studied for mapping structure-function relationships with the ultimate goal of being able to in silico predict modifications needed for a certain activity or selectivity. To solve this, directed evoultion using CASTing and an ISM approach was applied to improve selectivity towards either of the enantiomeric product diols from (2,3-epoxypropyl)benzene (1). LÄS MER