Sökning: "transcriptional and translational regulation"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 69 avhandlingar innehållade orden transcriptional and translational regulation.

  1. 1. Integrating multi-omics for type 2 diabetes : Data science and big data towards personalized medicine

    Författare :Klev Diamanti; Jan Komorowski; Claes Wadelius; Manfred Grabherr; Peter Spégel; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; type 2 diabetes; multi-omics; genomics; metabolomics; data science; machine learning; personalized medicine; Bioinformatics; Bioinformatik;

    Sammanfattning : Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a complex metabolic disease characterized by multi-tissue insulin resistance and failure of the pancreatic β-cells to secrete sufficient amounts of insulin. Cells recruit transcription factors (TF) to specific genomic loci to regulate gene expression that consequently affects the protein and metabolite abundancies. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Organization and regulation of mitochondrial gene expression

    Författare :Roger Salvatori; Martin Ott; Benoit Kornmann; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Mitochondria; mitochondrial gene expression; post-transcriptional regulation; mitochondrial ribosome; protein-protein proximity; BioID; feedback loop; Biochemistry; biokemi;

    Sammanfattning : Mitochondria possess their own genome, remnant of the ancestral eubacterial endosymbiont DNA. This mitochondrial genome encodes mostly few key subunits of the respiratory chain. In order to synthesize these few proteins, mitochondria contain a complete gene expression machinery. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Genetics and Growth Regulation in Salmonella enterica

    Författare :Jessica M. Bergman; Diarmaid Hughes; Dan I. Andersson; Måns Ehrenberg; Stanley Maloy; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; tufA; tufB; EF-Tu; ppGpp; Stringent response; RNase E; RNA turnover; Post-transcriptional regulation; rpoB; rpoS; Growth in stationary phase; Biology with specialization in Microbiology; Biologi med inriktning mot mikrobiologi; Mikrobiologi; Microbiology; Molekylär genetik; Molecular Genetics; Biology with specialization in Molecular Evolution; Biologi med inriktning mot molekylär evolution;

    Sammanfattning : Most free-living bacteria will encounter different environments and it is therefore critical to be able to rapidly adjust to new growth conditions in order to be competitively successful. Responding to changes requires efficient gene regulation in terms of transcription, RNA stability, translation and post-translational modifications. LÄS MER

  4. 4. IGF, PI3K and HIF-2 in Normal and Tumor Development

    Författare :Sofie Mohlin; Institutionen för translationell medicin; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Neuroblastoma; Hypoxia; Insulin-like Growth Factor; PI3K; HIF-2alpha; Cancer; Development;

    Sammanfattning : Cells adapt to oxygen shortage, hypoxia, by inducing a transcriptional shift governed mainly by Hypoxia Inducible Factor (HIF)-1 and HIF-2. In various cancer forms, including neuroblastoma, high expression of HIF-2α correlates with disseminated disease and poor outcome. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Macromolecular Matchmaking : Mechanisms and Biology of Bacterial Small RNAs

    Författare :Erik Holmqvist; E. Gerhart H. Wagner; Udo Bläsi; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Small RNA; sRNA; non-coding RNA; antisense; gene regulation; post-transcriptional regulation; translational control; outer membrane protein; OmpA; MicA; biofilm; flagella; curli; bistability; Lrp; MicF; CsgD; FlgM; OmrA; OmrB; Biologi med inriktning mot mikrobiologi; Biology with specialization in Microbiology;

    Sammanfattning : Cells sense the properties of the surrounding environment and convert this information into changes in gene expression. Bacteria are, in contrast to many multi-cellular eukaryotes, remarkable in their ability to cope with rapid environmental changes and to endure harsh and extreme milieus. LÄS MER