Sökning: "transcranial magnetic stimulation"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 12 avhandlingar innehållade orden transcranial magnetic stimulation.

  1. 1. To select one hand while using both : neural mechanisms supporting flexible hand dominance in bimanual object manipulation

    Författare :Anna Theorin; Roland Johansson; Fredrik Ullén; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; object manipulation; bimanual coordination; action selection; cerebral cortex; functional laterality; humans; hand; magnetic resonance imaging; transcranial magnetic stimulation; electromyography; Physiology; Fysiologi; fysiologi; Physiology;

    Sammanfattning : In daily activities, the brain regularly assigns different roles to the hands dependingon task and context. Yet, little is known about the underlying neural processes. Thiscertainly applies to how the brain, where each hemisphere primarily controls onehand, manages the between-hand coordination required in bimanual objectmanipulation. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Brain Plasticity and Upper Limb Function After Stroke: Some Implications for Rehabilitation

    Författare :Påvel Lindberg; Jörgen Borg; Hans Forssberg; Margareta Engardt; Cornelius Weiller; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Neurosciences; Stroke; Upper Limb; Brain Plasticity; Functional MRI; Diffusion Tensor Imaging; Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation; Neurovetenskap;

    Sammanfattning : Neuroimaging and neurophysiology techniques were used to study some aspects of cortical sensory and motor system reorganisation in patients in the chronic phase after stroke. Using Diffusion Tensor Imaging, we found that the degree of white matter integrity of the corticofugal tracts (CFT) was positively related to grip strength. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) associated with superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) mutations in British Columbia, Canada : clinical, neurophysiological and neuropathological features

    Författare :Heather G. Stewart; Hiroshi Mitsumoto; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :ALS; SOD1; complete penetrance; incomplete penetrance; mis-diagnosis; upper motor neuron; clinical neurophysiology; transcranial magnetic stimulation; peristimulus time histogram; corticospinal pathway; cortical inhibition; cortical hyper-excitability;

    Sammanfattning : Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by loss of motor neurons and their supporting cells in the brain, brainstem and spinal cord, resulting in muscle paresis and paralysis including the bulbar (speech, chewing, swallowing) and respiratory muscles. The average age at onset is 55 years, and death due to respiratory failure occurs 2-5 years after symptom onset in ~ 85% of cases. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Neural control of standing posture

    Författare :Craig Tokuno; Andrew Cresswell; Alf Thorstensson; Marc Carpenter; Thomas Sinkjær; Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :Medicin Teknik; Medicine Technology; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Posture; motor cortex; electromyography; kinematics; H-reflex; pre-synaptic inhibition; transcranial magnetic stimulation;

    Sammanfattning : When humans are asked to stand normally, they are not completely motionless. Rather, small amounts of body movement, termed postural sway, can be observed. Although the postural sway of standing has been well described, the manner in which this sway is neurally controlled and its influence in tasks involving postural re-stabilization are not known. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Language as structured sequences: a causal role of Broca's region in sequence processing

    Författare :Julia Uddén; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []

    Sammanfattning : In this thesis I approach language as a neurobiological system. I defend a sequence processing perspective on language and on the function of Broca's region in the left inferior frontal gyrus (LIFG). This perspective provides a way to express common structural aspects of language, music and action, which all engage the LIFG. LÄS MER