Sökning: "trade costs"
Visar resultat 21 - 25 av 193 avhandlingar innehållade orden trade costs.
21. Reproductive allocation and costs of reproduction in subarctic herbs : A resource-based perspective
Sammanfattning : The influence of internal and external factors on two major plant life history components, i.e., reproductive allocation and costs of reproduction, was examined for nine perennial herbs in subarctic Swedish Lapland. In one study, comparisons were made between Sweden and the French Alps. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : As more and more everyday electronic devices become equipped with the combined re- sources of computation, sensing, and wireless communications, possible platforms for implementation of wireless sensor networks have become ubiquitous. The combination of these three main capabilities of such a network present the opportunity to for example gather high resolution measurement data, or cooperatively perform advanced computa- tional tasks. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Renewable energy sources (RES), such as biomass, can be used to address two important issues in Europe: climate change and energy security. If biomass is produced sustainably and used efficiently, bioenergy contributes very little to CO2 emissions. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : This thesis consists of four independent essays which address two main areas of research. The first area deals with the role of income distribution in economic transactions. The first paper in the thesis, Knowing me, Knowing you, suggests a new method of incorporating income distribution into international trade analysis. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : This thesis considers various aspects of the poverty in Mongolia, including estimations of the actual as well as future-looking poverty, its distributional and growth components, and selected policy impacts on poverty. Chapter two analyzes the inter-relationship between poverty, growth, and inequality in Mongolia, using Living Standard Measurement Survey (LSMS) for 1998 and 2002. LÄS MER