Sökning: "trade costs"
Visar resultat 16 - 20 av 193 avhandlingar innehållade orden trade costs.
Sammanfattning : Age is often a neglected factor in ecological studies. However, age-related changes in reproduction and survival of organisms may strongly influence population dynamics. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Trade-offs prevent selection from driving all fitness-enhancing traits towards values that would maximize fitness. Life-history trade-offs, such as the one between survival and reproduction are well-studied, yet trade-offs can also involve behavioural or cognitive traits. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : This thesis examines parental condition, how it is traded off against reproduction and how it is displayed in a secondary sexual trait. The studies were performed on nest-box breeding collared flycatchers Ficedula albicollis on the island of Gotland, in the Baltic Sea. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : The thesis consists of three papers, summarized as follows.”Trade, Intra-Industry Reallocations and Aggregate Productivity: A Bridge between Theory and Data in Öresund”The paper aims at estimating the causal effect of trade liberalisation on aggregate productivity through firm selection as in Melitz (2003). LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : "Endogenous Sunk Costs, Exporting and Heterogeneous Firms" Empirical evidence shows that R&D spending is highly correlated with firm productivity and highly concentrated among large firms. This paper develops a model of quality competition with heterogeneous firms that can explain these patterns. The model makes two new predictions. LÄS MER