Sökning: "total parenteral nutrition"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 21 avhandlingar innehållade orden total parenteral nutrition.

  1. 1. The impact of nutrition on growth, biomarkers, and health outcomes in preterm infants

    Författare :Cornelia Späth; Magnus Domellöf; Elisabeth Stoltz Sjöström; Deborah O’Connor; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Preterm infant; parenteral nutrition; energy intake; nutrient intakes; postnatal growth; electrolyte imbalances; sodium supply; hypernatremia; intraventricular hemorrhage; pediatrik; Pediatrics; Nutrition; näringslära;

    Sammanfattning : Introduction: Nutrients play a crucial role for growth and brain development after preterm birth. Meeting the nutritional needs of preterm infants is challenging. Particularly, the most immature infants have a high risk of malnutrition and poor growth during hospital care. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Intestinal Bypass and Total Parenteral Nutrition: Changes in Gut Function and Morphology

    Författare :Mikael Ekelund; Lund Kirurgi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; traumatology; Kirurgi; ortopedi; traumatologi; orthopaedics; Surgery; Gastroenterologi; Gastro-enterology; Fysiologi; Physiology; total parenteral nutrition; supersensitivity; plasticity; intestinal bypass; interstitial cells of Cajal; goblet cells; eosinophils; adaptation; enteric nervous system;

    Sammanfattning : Abolition of enteral nutrition is sometimes required in severe illness. The primary aim of the present work has been to elucidate possible changes in intestinal morphology and motor function in absence of enteral nutrition. Total absence of enteral nutrition in an isolated intestinal segment was created by bypassing the distal ileum in a rat model. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Energy and substrate utilization during total parenteral nutrition : a study in the growing rat

    Författare :Fernando M. Mena Ferreira Martins; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICINE; MEDICIN;

    Sammanfattning : .... LÄS MER

  4. 4. Fat metabolism during total parenteral nutrition: A biochemical and ultra-structural study

    Författare :Bengt Roth; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Anaesthesiology; Intravenous Fat Emulsion - Lipid Metabolism - Lipoprotein lipase - Kupffer cells - - Histology - Fatty liver - Adverse reactions - Haemophagocytosis; intensive care; Anestesiologi; intensivvård;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis evaluates alterations in lipid metabolism and Kupffer cell morphology seen during total parenteral nutrition in healthy rats. During infusion of lipid emulsions, cholesterol and phospholipids accumulated in non-high density lipoproteins, while high density lipoproteins were enriched in triglycerides. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Effects of Total Parenteral Nutrition on the Exocrine and Endocrine Pancreas. An Experimental Study

    Författare :Bo-Guang Fan; Lund Kirurgi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; orthopaedics; Surgery; TPN; Parotid glands; Lysosomal enzyme; Insulin; Hypotrophy; Hyperlipidemia; Food passage; Endocrine pancreas; Cholecystokinin; Exocrine pancreas; traumatology; Kirurgi; ortopedi; traumatologi; Gastro-enterology; Gastroenterologi;

    Sammanfattning : During total parenteral nutrition (TPN) adequate nutrition is provided intravenously and the enteral route is bypassed. The integrity of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, however, is dependent on the passage of food through it. This thesis deals with the effects of TPN on the pancreas and the parotid glands. LÄS MER