Sökning: "time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 27 avhandlingar innehållade orden time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy.

  1. 1. Short-Pulse Laser Spectroscopy for Combustion Diagnostics - Laser-Induced Fluorescence of Polyatomic Molecules and Developments in Measurement and Evaluation

    Författare :Thomas Metz; Förbränningsfysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; pulsed lasers; Physics; Fysik; Laser technology; Laserteknik; non-linear spectroscopy; maximum likelihood; curve fitting; data adjustment; statistical inference; formaldehyde; PAH; polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; lifetime imaging; two-dimensional; streak camera; LIF; laser-induced fluorescence; Fluorescence lifetimes; time-resolved;

    Sammanfattning : Combustion is the most important source of energy worldwide. A better understanding of it is essential if pollutant emissions are to be reduced and combustion devices be made more efficient. This requires measurement of physical and chemical combustion parameters. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Photochemistry of Eumelanin Precursors Role of Excited State Proton Transfer for UV Photoprotection

    Författare :Alice Corani; Kemisk fysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Time-resolved; Fluorescence spectroscopy; Excited State Proton Transfer ESPT ; Photochemistry; Eumelanin; Melanin;

    Sammanfattning : Melanin is an epidermal pigment commonly known to give darker skin coloration under sun exposure. It is also present in the hair, eyes, inner ear and brain. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Excited States of Carotenoids and Their Functions in Light Harvesting

    Författare :Donatas Zigmantas; Kemisk fysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; spektroskopi; magnetic and optical properties; Carotenoids; light-harvesting; excited states; excitation energy transfer; femtosecond spectroscopy; supraconductors; magnetic resonance; electrical; Condensed matter:electronic structure; time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy; magnetisk resonans; supraledare; magnetiska och optiska ; egenskaper elektriska; Kondenserade materiens egenskaper:elektronstruktur; relaxation; spectroscopy;

    Sammanfattning : The research presented in this thesis is focused on characterization of photophysical properties of lowest singlet excited states of carotenoids and their functions in the process of photosynthetic light harvesting. It is shown that the various light-harvesting complexes utilize different strategies to achieve efficient energy transfer from carotenoids to (bacterio)chlorophylls. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Excited State Processes in Solar Energy Materials

    Författare :Tomas Österman; Kemisk fysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Solar cells; Conjugated polymers; Charge transfer state; Time-resolved spectroscopy; Fluorescence; Artificial Photosynthesis; Bis-tridentate ruthenium II -complexes; Density functional theory; Quantum chemistry.;

    Sammanfattning : This dissertation covers studies of excited state processes in two types of solar energy materials: alternating polyfluorene polymers and their blends with fullerenes in the active layer of plastic solar cells, and bis-tridentate RuII-polypyridyl complexes to be used as sensitizer in systems for artificial photosynthesis. The polymer:fullerene blends were studied by transient absorption and time-resolved fluorescence measurements in order to investigate the role of the charge transfer (CT) state in charge formation. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Laser Sheet Imaging and Image Analysis for Combustion Research

    Författare :Rafeef Abu-Gharbieh; Chalmers tekniska högskola; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; non-linear diffusion filtering; optically dense sprays; curve evolution propagation; image sequence analysis; laser induced fluorescence; geodesic paths; level sets; LIF; optical density; spray characterization; flame propagation; laser; particle image velocimetry; spectroscopy; combustion engines; spray diagnostics; Mie scattering; flame fronts; laser attenuation; tracking; combustion diagnostics; curve matching; combustion; laser sheet imaging; PIV; time resolved imaging; segmentation;

    Sammanfattning : This Thesis presents techniques that aim at exploiting the potential of image analysis and processing in order to solve problems of data reduction, interpolation, quantification, and interpretation within the field of experimental laser imaging of combustion processes. Combustion is the most important source of energy for power generation, heating, and transportation in the world today and its strong dominance is projected to continue in the foreseeable future. LÄS MER