Sökning: "thermal mass"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 332 avhandlingar innehållade orden thermal mass.

  1. 1. Possibilities of using thermal mass in buildings to save energy, cut power consumption peaks and increase the thermal comfort

    Författare :Jonathan Karlsson; Avdelningen för Byggnadsmaterial; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; concrete; aggregates; heat capacity; thermal properties; thermal conductivity; thermal inertia; thermal mass; time constant; Energy storage;

    Sammanfattning : The aim of this project was to generate knowledge to enable us to take advantage of heat storage in heavy building structures with regard to as energy savings, better thermal indoor climate, and reduced peak powers. This could include buildings that can function without energy input during cold periods, buildings that give a robust indoor climate without installed cooling, and buildings with good thermal comfort also in case of higher outdoor temperatures resulting from global warming. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Influence of thermal mass on the heating and cooling demands of a building unit

    Författare :Fredrik Ståhl; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; thermal mass; environmental impact; thermal comfort; heat storage; life cycle; building energy use; earth tube heat exchanger; comfort interval; heavy or light buildings; building structure;

    Sammanfattning : The purpose of this work is to find to what extent the thermal properties of the building materials, the allowed indoor temperature swing, determined by the comfort interval, and, to some extent, the ventilation strategy can affect the heating and cooling demand of a building. It is well known that a thermally heavy building, that is a building with a high heat capacity, often demands less energy for heating and cooling and have a more stabile indoor temperature due to heat storage in the building structure. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Prediction of power and energy use in dwellings : Addressing apects of thermal mass and occupant behaviour

    Författare :Victor Fransson; Avdelningen för Installations- och klimatiseringslära; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Byggnadssimulering; Termisk massa; Värmetröghet; boendes beteende; hushållsel; varmvatten; building simulation; thermal mass; thermal inertia; occupant behaviour; household electricity; domestic hot water;

    Sammanfattning : Households are responsible for approximately 26 % of the annual energy use in the EU. Following the EU-directives regarding energy performance in buildings, international initiatives have been taken in Europe to help countries to define and include guidelines in their own building codes, for example, to establish the concept of zero energy buildings, ZEBs. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Theoretical modeling of molar volume and thermal expansion

    Författare :Xiao-Gang Lu; Bo Sunsman; Michel Jacobs; Malin Selleby; Bo Sundman; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; Materials science; first-principles calculations; ab initio; Calphad; Debye-Grüneisen model; thermodynamic properties; elastic modulus; volume; thermal expansivity; pressure; Thermo-Calc; VASP; element; carbide; nitride; Materialvetenskap; Materials science; Teknisk materialvetenskap; molar volume; thermal expansion; ab initio calculations; Debye-Gruneisen model; calphad;

    Sammanfattning : Combination of the Calphad method and theoretical calculations provides new possibilities for the study of materials science. This work is a part of the efforts within the CCT project (Centre of Computational Thermodynamics) to combine these methods to facilitate modeling and to extend the thermodynamic databases with critically assessed volume data. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Rock Mass Response to Coupled Mechanical Thermal Loading : Äspö Pillar Stability Experiment, Sweden

    Författare :J. Christer Andersson; Håkan Stille; Charles Fairhurst; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Yielding; Spalling; Rock mass strength; Confinement; Fracturing; Tensile failure; Shear failure; Displacement; Acoustic Emission; Heating; Stress; Back calculation; Radial expansion; Mining engineering; Gruvteknik;

    Sammanfattning : The geological disposal of nuclear waste, in underground openings and the long-term performance of these openings demand a detailed understanding of fundamental rock mechanics. A full scale field experiment: Äspö Pillar Stability Experiment was conducted at a depth of 450 m in sparsely fractured granitic rock to examine the rock mass response between two deposition holes. LÄS MER