Sökning: "tariffs"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 39 avhandlingar innehållade ordet tariffs.

  1. 1. On the Ocean of Protectionism : The Structure of Swedish Tariffs and Trade 1780–1830

    Författare :Henric Häggqvist; Peter Hedberg; Lars Magnusson; Leos Müller; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; foreign trade; international trade; tariffs; trade policy; fiscal policy; protectionism; mercantilism; taxes; Sweden; Napoleonic Wars; handel; tullar; skatter; protektionism; merkantilism; Ekonomisk historia; Economic History;

    Sammanfattning : In the field of international trade there is an intriguing tension between the ideological allure of free trade and the political reality of protectionism. Typically, the former is favored by scholars while the latter has been more historically prevalent. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Tariffs, Trade, and Economic Growth in Sweden 1858–1913

    Författare :Viktor Persarvet; Peter Hedberg; Lars Karlsson; Jari Ojala; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; foreign trade; international trade; tariffs; effective rate of protection; trade policy; protectionism; taxes; Sweden; economic growth; structural change; industrialization; Ekonomisk historia; Economic History;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis investigates the effects of Swedish tariff policy on trade and economic growth during Sweden’s industrial breakthrough in the second half of the nineteenth century. As the Swedish economy developed, its tariff policy also changed from relatively liberal to more protectionist. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Demand Response Polices for the Implementation of Smart Grids

    Författare :Elta Koliou; Lennart Söder; Rudi Hakvoort; Marloes Dignum; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; SOCIAL SCIENCES; demand response; smart grids; dynamic pricing; balancing; policy; tariffs; Electrical Engineering; Elektro- och systemteknik;

    Sammanfattning : With the grasp of a smart grid in sight, discussions have shifted the focus of system security measures away from generation capacity; apart from modifying the supply side, demand may also be exploited to keep the system in balance. Specifically, Demand Response (DR) is the concept of consumer load modification as a result of price signaling, generation adequacy, or state of grid reliability. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Upptäckten av Sverige : utländska direktinvesteringar i Sverige 1895-1945

    Författare :Sven Nordlund; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; direct investments; subsidiaries; tariffs; imperialism; multinational companies; cartels; Jewish refugee capital; dummy companies; small industrial countries;

    Sammanfattning : The study investigates the extent, development and nature of foreign direct investments in Sweden during the years 1895-1945. The work also has a qualitative aspect, which may be summarized as a question: Why do foreign companies undertake direct investments in Sweden? The basic premise has been that the companies' decisions are based on their own calculations regarding profit interests and structural conditions on the market, but these decisions are also influenced by various power relations. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Why Firms Grow : The Roles of Institutions, Trade, and Technology during Swedish Industrialization

    Författare :Vinzent Ostermeyer; Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen; []
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Industrialization; Firms; 19th Century; Institutions; Trade; Technology; Growth; Development; Factory; Corporations; Steam Power; Tariffs; Employment Multiplier; Services; Causal Inference; Sweden; USA; Great Britain;

    Sammanfattning : Industrialization and the emergence of a manufacturing sector are generally perceived as key drivers for countries to see economic growth and increases in living standards. Only 200 years ago, most countries were relatively poor and had similarly low living standards. LÄS MER