Sökning: "surface tension"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 239 avhandlingar innehållade orden surface tension.

  1. 1. Structure-Property Relationships of Surfactants at Interfaces and Polyelectrolyte-Surfactant Aggregates

    Författare :Mikael Kjellin; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :nonionic surfactant; sugar surfactant; poly ethylene oxide ; amide; ester; polyelectrolyte; SDS; hydrophobic surface; glass surface; mica; adsorption; aggregation; micelle size; surface forces; wetting; dynamic surface tension; NMR; TRFQ; SANS; SAXS; ;

    Sammanfattning : The first part of this thesis is concerned with thestructure-property relationships in nonionic surfactantsystems. The main aim was to investigate how the surfactantstructure influences the adsorption at interfaces andinteractions between surfactant coated interfaces. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Dynamic Wetting of Solid Surfaces, Influence of Surface Structures and Surface Active Polymers

    Författare :Stina Gerdes; Fysikalisk kemi; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Physical chemistry; stick-slip; Wilhelmy plate; block copolymers; surface active polymers; surface channels; spreading; contact angles; dynamic wetting; surface structures; Fysikalisk kemi;

    Sammanfattning : The effect of surface structures on the dynamics of wetting was investigated through measurements of the dynamic contact angle and spreading velocity of oil droplets spreading over surfaces with parallel and gridlike V-shaped channels. A rim of liquid was observed to spread out in the channels ahead of the dropfront after a short time of spreading (seconds). LÄS MER

  3. 3. Vibrational Sum Frequency Spectroscopy Studies at the Air-Liquid Interface

    Författare :Eric Tyrode; Mark Rutland; Paul Davies; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Sum Frequency Generation; SFG; VSFS; surfactant; adsorption; water; surface structure; hydration; surface tension; fluorosurfactants; liquid-air interface; poly ethylene oxide surfactants; surface molecular orientation; acetic acid.; Surface and colloid chemistry; Yt- och kolloidkemi;

    Sammanfattning : In this thesis the structure and hydration of small organic and amphipilic compounds adsorbed at the air-liquid interface, have been studied using the nonlinear optical technique Vibrational Sum Frequency Spectroscopy (VSFS). The second order nature of the sum frequency process makes this technique particularly surface sensitive and very suitable for interfacial studies, as molecules at the surface can be distinguished even in the presence of a vast excess of the same molecules in the bulk. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Theory of microcapillarity. 1, Equilibrium and stability

    Författare :Johan Claesson; Avdelningen för Byggnadsfysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Humidity; capillarity; Material; porosity; Physics; science; Surface; tension; Water; absorption capillarity; transfer; Fysicumarkivet A:1977:Claesson;

    Sammanfattning : Capillary porous systems. Thermodynamical equilibrium and stability water meniscus. Mathematical treatment. Effect of salts, osmotic pressure. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Algorithms and Interaction Potentials: phase density, surface tension and carbon dioxide

    Författare :Rasmus Persson; Göteborgs universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; surface tension; carbon dioxide; density of states; bicalutamide;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis is an amalgamation of articles (Papers I–V) by the author. We present a perturbation algorithm to calculate the phase density, and thus the partition function including its temperature dependence. LÄS MER