Sökning: "surface forces"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 387 avhandlingar innehållade orden surface forces.

  1. 1. Hydrophobic surfaces: Effect of surface structure on wetting and interaction forces

    Författare :Petra M Hansson; Per M. Claesson; Agne Swerin; Adam C Simonsen; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; hydrophobic surface; superhydrophobic surface; atomic force microscopy; surface forces; capillary forces; cavitaion; surface roughness; friction; wetting; confocal Raman; contact angles; surface preparation; Langmuir-Blodgett;

    Sammanfattning : The use of hydrophobic surfaces is important for many processes both in nature and industry. Interactions between hydrophobic species play a key role in industrial applications such as water-cleaning procedures and pitch control during papermaking but they also give information on how to design surfaces like hydrophobic mineral pigments. LÄS MER

  2. 2. On the interactions in cellulose systems : surface forces and adsorption

    Författare :Monika Österberg; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :cellulose; hemicellulose; xylan; lignin; surface forces; adsorption; polyelectrolyte; SFA; AFM; ESCA; Langmuir-Blodgett films; chitosan; steric forces; bridging; adhesion;

    Sammanfattning : In this thesis the interactions in cellulose systems havebeen studied with emphasis on surface forces and adsorptionphenomenon. The study was limited to surfaces and polymers ofinterest for papermaking. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Surface Force and Friction : effects of adsorbed layers and surface topography

    Författare :Xiaoyan Liu; Per Claesson; Bjorn Torger Stokke; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; Friction; nanotribology; surface forces; diblock copolymer; lipid; QCM-D; AFM; optical reflectometry; neutron reflectivity; X-ray reflectivity; micro-patterned surface; Kemi; Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : Interfacial features of polymers are a complex, fascinating topic, and industrially very important. There is clearly a need to understand interactions between polymer layers as they can be used for controlling surface properties, colloidal stability and lubrication. The aim of my Ph. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Polymer Mediated Surface Forces

    Författare :Martin Turesson; Teoretisk kemi; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Polyelectrolyte Solutions; Charge Inversion; Monte Carlo Simulations; Depletion Stabilization; Correlation Attraction; Colloid stability;

    Sammanfattning : The issue of controlling the stability between colloidal particles in solution is important, at least for industrial applications, relying on efficient flocculation or stable dispersions. The objective of this thesis is to shed some light on fundamental mechanisms behind the interplay between attractive and repulsive forces, in solutions containing colloids and polymers. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Ionic liquids : The solid-liquid interface and surface forces

    Författare :Nicklas Hjalmarsson; Mark W Rutland; Rob Atkin; Enrico Gnecco; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Ionic liquids; solid-liquid interface; surface forces; nanotribology; atomic force microscopy; quartz crystal microbalance; Jonvätskor; gränsskiktet mellan fasta ytor och vätskor; ytkrafter; nanotribologi; atomkraftsmikroskopi; kvartskristallmikrovåg; Kemi; Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : Ionic liquids (ILs) present new approaches for controlling interactions at the solid-liquid interface. ILs are defined as liquids consisting of bulky and asymmetric ions, with a melting point below 373 K. Owing to their amphiphilic character they are powerful solvents but also possess other interesting properties. LÄS MER