Sökning: "surface adsorption"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 655 avhandlingar innehållade orden surface adsorption.

  1. 1. On the interactions in cellulose systems : surface forces and adsorption

    Författare :Monika Österberg; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :cellulose; hemicellulose; xylan; lignin; surface forces; adsorption; polyelectrolyte; SFA; AFM; ESCA; Langmuir-Blodgett films; chitosan; steric forces; bridging; adhesion;

    Sammanfattning : In this thesis the interactions in cellulose systems havebeen studied with emphasis on surface forces and adsorptionphenomenon. The study was limited to surfaces and polymers ofinterest for papermaking. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Tailoring residue-derived carbon materials for the removal of wastewater contaminants : adsorption and surface properties

    Författare :Mirva Niinipuu; Stina Jansson; Jean-Francois Boily; Erik Rosenbaum; Magnus Bergknut; Capucine Dupont; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Adsorption; hydrochar; HTC; chemical activation; wastewater; pharmaceuticals; metals; surface properties; biobased residues;

    Sammanfattning : The availability of effective, low-cost wastewater treatment is necessary for increased water recycling and the prevention of environmental pollution on a global scale. Adsorption on activated carbons is commonly applied in wastewater treatment, but the high cost of conventional activated carbons limits the use of this technique. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Adsorption of surface active elements on the iron (100) surface : A study based on ab initio calculations

    Författare :Weimin Cao; Seshadri Seetharaman; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; sulfur; oxygen; surface adsorption; iron surface; ab initio calculations; adsorption energy; work function; difference charge density; thermodynamic stability; average velocity; Materials science; Teknisk materialvetenskap;

    Sammanfattning : In the present work, the structural, electronic properties, thermodynamic stability and adatom surface movements of oxygen and sulfur adsorption on the Fe surface were studied based on the ab initio method. Firstly, the oxygen adsorbed on the iron (100) surface is investigated at the three adsorption sites top, bridge and hollow sites, respectively. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Modeling adsorption of organic compounds on activated carbon : a multivariate approach

    Författare :Jufang Wu; Anders Cedergren; Ingrid Fängmark; Ola Claesson; Lars-Gunnar Hammarström; Fritz Stoeckli; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Analytical chemistry; activated carbon; adsorption; adsorption capacity; adsorption rate; PCA; PLS; binary mixtures; Dubinin-Radushkevich; Wheeler-Jonas; Analytisk kemi; Analytical chemistry; Analytisk kemi; analytisk kemi; Analytical Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : Activated carbon is an adsorbent that is commonly used for removing organic contaminants from air due to its abundant pores and large internal surface area. This thesis is concerned with the static adsorption capacity and adsorption kinetics for single and binary organic compounds on different types of activated carbon. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Structure-Property Relationships of Surfactants at Interfaces and Polyelectrolyte-Surfactant Aggregates

    Författare :Mikael Kjellin; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :nonionic surfactant; sugar surfactant; poly ethylene oxide ; amide; ester; polyelectrolyte; SDS; hydrophobic surface; glass surface; mica; adsorption; aggregation; micelle size; surface forces; wetting; dynamic surface tension; NMR; TRFQ; SANS; SAXS; ;

    Sammanfattning : The first part of this thesis is concerned with thestructure-property relationships in nonionic surfactantsystems. The main aim was to investigate how the surfactantstructure influences the adsorption at interfaces andinteractions between surfactant coated interfaces. LÄS MER