Sökning: "substitution reaction"
Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 117 avhandlingar innehållade orden substitution reaction.
1. Concerted and stepwise solvolytic elimination and substitution reactions : evidence for solvent-promoted E2 reaction
Sammanfattning : .... LÄS MER
2. Palladium-Catalyzed Nucleophilic Substitution of Alcohols : Mechanistic Studies and Synthetic Applications
Sammanfattning : This thesis deals with the palladium-catalyzed nucleophilic substitution of π-activated alcohols in which the C–O bond of a non-manipulated hydroxyl group is cleaved. The thesis is divided in two chapters describing two different catalytic systems. LÄS MER
3. Concerted or Stepwise? : β-Elimination, Nucleophilic Substitution, Copper Catalysed Aziridination and Ruthenium Catalysed Transfer Hydrogenation Studied by Kinetic Isotope Effects and Linear Free-Energy Relationships
Sammanfattning : This thesis describes the use of kinetic isotope effects, linear free energy relationships and stereochamical studies to distinguish between different mechanistic alternatives and to obtain information about transition state structure.In the first part fluorine and deuterium kinetic isotope effects were determined for the base promoted HF elimination from 4-fluoro-4-(4’-nitrophenyl)butane-2-on. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : This thesis focuses on the development of methods for the activation of the hydroxyl group in non-derivatized alcohols in substitution reactions. The thesis is divided into two parts, describing three different catalytic systems. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : This thesis concerns the computer-assisted modelling of additions to ketones and aromatic substitution, and how this modelling can be used within an existing program for synthesis planning. I include a review of existing computer-assisted organic synthesis (CAOS) programs, and discuss how some of these programs deal with knowledge representation. LÄS MER