Sökning: "substance use"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 269 avhandlingar innehållade orden substance use.

  1. 1. Use or Misuse? : Addiction Care Practitioners’ Perceptions of Substance Use and Treatment

    Författare :Eva Samuelsson; Jan Blomqvist; Lena Hübner; Lisa Wallander; Ingrid Sahlin; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; substance use; treatment; practitioners’ perceptions; social services; regional healthcare; factorial survey; multi-level analysis; focus group interviews; discourse analysis; Sweden; socialt arbete; Social Work;

    Sammanfattning : The aim of this thesis has been to study boundary-making in addiction care practitioner’s perceptions of substance use and treatment. The four papers are based on three data collections in Swedish outpatient addiction care: a) a survey conducted in 2006 (n=655), b) a factorial survey using randomly constructed vignettes conducted in 2011 (n=474), and c) a focus group interview study from 2013 (n=30) with a sample of the respondents from the factorial survey. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Substance use in adolescents and young adults: Interactions of drugs of abuse and the role of parents and peers in early onset of substance use

    Författare :Jonas Berge; Lund Psykiatri; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Substance use; Alcohol; Tobacco; Cannabis; Illicit drugs; Adolescents; Young adults;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Misuse of substances is a major contributor to disability and mortality worldwide. The use of tobacco, alcohol, and illegal drugs in adolescence and young adulthood are well-known risk factors for subsequent substance-related harms. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Substance use, pregnancy, and parenthood : A study on problematizations and solutions

    Författare :Karin Heimdahl Vepsä; Patrik Karlsson; Mats Ekendahl; Anette Skårner; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; substance use; pregnancy; parenthood; fetal harm; maternity care; interventions; 12-step; problematizations; discourse; narrative; socialt arbete; Social Work;

    Sammanfattning : With the starting point in the view that how we interpret a problem is decisive for how we think this problem should be dealt with, the overall aim of this dissertation is to explore problematizations of substance use in relation to pregnancy and parenthood within different settings. The dissertation consists of four studies, based on different empirical materials, that analyze problematizations of substance use, pregnancy, and parenthood from different perspectives. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Substance Use and Violence : Influence of Alcohol, Illicit Drugs and Anabolic Androgenic Steroids on Violent Crime and Self-directed Violence

    Författare :Lena Lundholm; Ingemar Thiblin; Ulrika Haggård; Claudia Fahlke; Johan Hallqvist; Tom Palmstierna; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Substance abuse; violent crime; violent suicide; anabolic androgenic steroids;

    Sammanfattning : Interpersonal violence and suicide are major health concerns, leading to premature death, extensive human suffering and staggering monetary costs. Although violent behaviour has multiple causes, it is well known that acute substance intake and abuse increase the risks of both interpersonal and self-directed violence. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Use and misuse of sedative drugs and related substances - Findings in the general population and in individuals with opioid dependence

    Författare :Tove Abrahamsson; Lund Psykiatri; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Substance use; Sedatives; Anxiolytics; Hypnotics; Prescription drug miuse; Benzodiazepines; Z-drugs; Pregabalin; Self-assessed health; Quality of life; Opioid dependence; Opiate maintenance treatment; Mortality;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Prescription sedatives are efficient in the treatment of anxiety and sleeping disorders, but are associated with a risk of misuse and dependence, as well as an increased risk of accidents, injuries and overdoses, both in the general population and especially in individuals with other substance misuse. The present thesis aims to investigate prescription sedative use and misuse in two kinds of samples - in the general population, with focus on its association with subjective health and quality life, and in the subpopulation of individuals with opioid dependence, with focus on treatment outcome in opioid maintenance treatment and mortality. LÄS MER