Sökning: "subjectivism"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 13 avhandlingar innehållade ordet subjectivism.

  1. 1. Value Grounded on Attitudes. Subjectivism in Value Theory

    Författare :Fritz-Anton Fritzson; Praktisk filosofi; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; Subjectivism; objectivism; relativism; absolutism; value and attitudes; supervenience and constitutive ground of value; final value; intrinsic value; good and good for; motivational internalism; idealization; value projection; error and evaluative language;

    Sammanfattning : The thesis examines a specific way of understanding the subjectivist position in value theory according to which subjectivism is the view that value is grounded on attitudes. It is argued that this should be seen as a second-order claim about the nature of value although with pluralistic implications on the substantial, first-order level. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Vedergällningstanken : Två idéhistoriska studier

    Författare :Ralf Hultberg; Erland Sellberg; Ingemar Nilsson; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; Adam Smith; anthropology; Boström; civilization; death penalty; development; Durkheim; emotions; justice; moral philosophy; Olivecrona; psychology; Rawls; reason; retribution; subjectivism; Westermarck; Adam Smith; antropologi; Boström; civilisation; Durkheim; dödsstraff; förnuft; känslor; moralfilosofi; Olivecrona; psykologi; Rawls; rättvisa; subjektivism; utveckling; vedergällning; Westermarck; History of Ideas; idéhistoria;

    Sammanfattning : The thesis is about retribution, often exemplified by Jus talionis, the rule in Exodus 21:23-25. Retribution was the undisputed guiding principle of punishment until the 18th century when it was challenged, first and foremost by Cesare Beccaria and Voltaire. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Constructive Systems Science - the Only Remaining Alternative?

    Författare :Arne Kjellman; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :modelling; systems science; constructivism; subjectivism; philosophy of science modelling;

    Sammanfattning : The opposition between the realists and the anti-realists isas old as Western science. The question as to whether the“furniture of the world”we call the“things”is to be considered real or not hasconsistently been at the forefront in the debates about scienceand philosophy. LÄS MER

  4. 4. A Call for Scientific Purity : Axel Hägerström's Critique of Legal Science

    Författare :Max Lyles; Claes Peterson; Marie Sandström; Heikki Pihlajamäki; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; Legal history; Axel Hägerström 1868-1939 ; Uppsala School; Scandinavian Legal Realism; philosophy; anti-metaphysics; anti-subjectivism; legal philosophy; legal science; legal positivism; legal realism; Begriffsjurisprudenz; natural law; Sweden; Legal history; Rättshistoria; Historia; History;

    Sammanfattning : The subject matter of this study forms an analysis of Axel Hägerström’s (1868-1939) theories of law and legal science - ideas that were formative both for the Uppsala School and Scandinavian Legal Realism. By means of a close analysis of Hägerström’s epistemology and ontology, the general principles of his theory of science have been outlined, especially the marked stance of anti-metaphysics (anti-subjectivism), the logical notion of reality, and the application of conceptual analyses. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Der Topos "Nähe" : Ernst Blochs Eintrittsstelle in die Sozialwissenschaften : ein Beitrag zur Ontologie der modernen Gesellschaft

    Författare :Leo Bartonek; Stockholms universitet; []

    Sammanfattning : The present age is a time of major societal change in which the social sciences are again faced with three key problems: the relationship between the social science and societal reality, the elaboration of a meaningful concept of human agency, and the need to incorporate a temporal dimension into theories of the interaction between institutional structures and human agents.Against this background I discuss in the first part of the thesis the work of three theorists - Jiirgen Habermas, Pierre Bourdieu, and Anthony Giddens - who all share the ambition to overcome traditional dichotomies In social and political thought: the social versus the individual, the static versus the dynamic, objectivism versus subjectivism, freedom versus determination. LÄS MER