Sökning: "structural mechanism"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 649 avhandlingar innehållade orden structural mechanism.

  1. 1. Transthyretin and the transthyretin-related protein: A structural study

    Författare :Erik Lundberg; A. Elisabeth Sauer-Eriksson; Lennart Sjölin; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Transthyretin; Transthyretin-related protein; X-ray crystallography; Protein structure; Amyloidosis; Structural biology; Strukturbiologi;

    Sammanfattning : Transthyretin (TTR) is one of several proteins involved in amyloid disease in humans. Unknown conformational changes of the native state of TTR result in aggregation of TTR molecules into amyloid fibrils, which accumulate in extracellular tissues. This may result in different clinical symptoms, e.g. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Ribosomal RNA Modification Enzymes : Structural and functional studies of two methyltransferases for 23S rRNA modification in Escherichia coli

    Författare :Avinash S. Punekar; Maria Selmer; Martino Bolognesi; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Escherichia coli; ribosome biogenesis; ribosome assembly; ribosomal RNA; peptidyltransferase center; domain V; post-transcriptional modification; methyltransferases; S-adenosyl-methionine; RlmM; Cm2498; RlmJ; m6A2030; X-ray crystallography; substrate recognition; substrate specificity; catalytic mechanism; evolution; Biology with specialization in Structural Biology; Biologi med inriktning mot strukturbiologi; Biokemi; Biochemistry;

    Sammanfattning : Escherichia coli ribosomal RNA (rRNA) is post-transcriptionally modified by site-specific enzymes. The role of most modifications is not known and little is known about how these enzymes recognize their target substrates. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Evasion and Attack: Structural Studies of a Bacterial Albumin-binding Protein and of a Cephalosporin Biosynthetic Enzyme

    Författare :Sara Lejon; Janos Hajdu; Karin Valegård; Martin Noble; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; human serum albumin; GA module; albumin-binding; Finegoldia magna; deacetylcephalosporin C acetyltransferase; cephalosporin C; antibiotic; beta-lactam; biosynthesis; Acremonium chrysogenum; X-ray crystallography; Structural biology; Strukturbiologi;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis describes the crystal structures of two proteins in the context of combatting bacterial infections. The GA module is a bacterial albumin-binding domain from a surface protein expressed by pathogenic strains of the human commensal bacterium Finegoldia magna. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Formation mechanism of anionic-surfactant-templated mesoporous silica (AMS)

    Författare :Chuanbo Gao; Osamu Terasaki; Anders Palmqvist; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; mesoporous silica; anionic surfactant; formation mechanism; structural control; Chemistry; Kemi; Structural Chemistry; strukturkemi;

    Sammanfattning : This dissertation is focused on synthesis, characterization and formation mechanism of anionic-surfactant-templated mesoporous silica (AMS). Structural control mechanisms of AMS are investigated. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Of spiders, bugs, and men : Structural and functional studies of proteins involved in assembly

    Författare :Wangshu Jiang; Stefan D Knight; Steve J. Matthews; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Protein assembly; sulfate transporter; crystallography; Proteus mirabilis; fimbriae; adhesin; urinary tract infection; biofilm; spider silk; asymmetric dimer; Bri2; BRICHOS; molecular chaperone; Alzheimer s disease; amyloid; Biology with specialization in Structural Biology; Biologi med inriktning mot strukturbiologi;

    Sammanfattning : Protein assembly enables complex machineries while being economical with genetic information. However, protein assembly also constitutes a potential threat to the host, and needs to be carefully regulated.Sulfate is a common source of sulfur for cysteine synthesis in bacteria. LÄS MER