Sökning: "stearoyl-CoA desaturase"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 13 avhandlingar innehållade orden stearoyl-CoA desaturase.

  1. 1. Fatty Acid Desaturase Activities in Metabolic Syndrome and Cardiovascular Disease : Special Reference to Stearoyl-CoA-Desaturase and Biomarkers of Dietary Fat

    Författare :Eva Warensjö; Ulf Risérus; Bengt Vessby; Tommy Cederholm; David Laaksonen; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Nutrition; Fatty acids; Dietary fat; Biomarker; Metabolic Syndrome; Mortality; Obesity; Insulin Sensitivity; Epidemiology; Estimated desaturase activities; Stearoyl-CoA-desaturase; delta-6-desaturase; delta-5-desaturase; Single Nucleotide Polymorphism; Dietary Intervention; Rapeseed oil; Saturated fat; SCD1; Näringslära;

    Sammanfattning : The development of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and cardiovascular diseases have been suggested to be influenced more by the quality than the amount of dietary fat. The FA composition of serum lipids may be used as biomarkers of dietary fat quality. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Intestinal Gene Expression Profiling and Fatty Acid Responses to a High-fat Diet

    Författare :Jonathan Cedernaes; Helgi B Schiöth; Robert Fredriksson; Anders Jacobsson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Adhesion GPCR; delta-5 desaturase; delta-6 desaturase; desaturase index; Diet-induced obesity; estimated desaturase activity; fatty acid composition; gas chromatography; gastrointestinal tract; G-protein coupled receptor; high-fat diet; intestine; linoleic acid; liver; mRNA expression; palmitoleic acid; plasma; phospholipids; proximodistal; RT-qPCR; solute carrier; SCD-1; SCD-16; SCD-18; stearoyl-CoA desaturase; subcutaneous adipose tissue; subsection; triacylglycerols.; Medical Genetics; Medicinsk genetik; Nutrition; Nutrition; Näringslära; Nutrition;

    Sammanfattning : The gastrointestinal tract (GIT) regulates nutrient uptake, secretes hormones and has a crucial gut flora and enteric nervous system. Of relevance for these functions are the G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) and the solute carriers (SLCs). LÄS MER

  3. 3. Metabolic consequences of a Paleolithic diet in obese postmenopausal women

    Författare :Caroline Blomquist; Tommy Olsson; Elin Chorell; Per-Arne Svensson; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Postmenopausal women; Paleolithic diet; randomized diet intervention; fat metabolism; low-grade inflammation; circulating fatty acids; diet validation; obesity; insulin resistance; Postmenopausala kvinnor; Paleolitisk kost; randomiserad kostintervention; fettmetabolism; fetma; låggradig inflammation; cirkulerande fettsyror; kostvalidering; fetma; insulin resistens; medicin; Medicine;

    Sammanfattning : BackgroundObesity, in particular abdominal adiposity, is associated with elevated fatty acids and pro-inflammatory adipokines, which are linked to ectopic fat storage and insulin resistance. During menopause, there is a redistribution of fat from the peripheral to abdominal depots. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Candidate gene effects on beef quality

    Författare :Marie Ekerljung; Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet; Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet; []
    Nyckelord :LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES;

    Sammanfattning : The contribution of five candidate genes to the variation in meat tenderness, pH, colour, marbling and water holding capacity (WHC) was analysed in muscle samples from 243 young bulls of Angus, Charolais, Hereford, Limousin, or Simmental breed, raised in Swedish commercial herds. The animals were genotyped for single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the genes encoding calpain 1 (CAPN1:c. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Palmitate-induced Apoptosis in Insulin-producing β-cells

    Författare :Kristofer Thörn; Peter Bergsten; Claes Wollheim; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; ER stress; apoptosis; palmitate; sphingosine-1-phosphate; ceramide; beta-cell; fatty acid; Medical cell biology; Medicinsk cellbiologi; Medical Cell Biology; Medicinsk cellbiologi;

    Sammanfattning : Type 2 diabetes is a disease characterized by the inability of pancreatic β-cells to secrete sufficient amounts of insulin to maintain normoglycemia. Increased levels of saturated fatty acids such as palmitate are believed to contribute to β-cell failure and the development of the disease. LÄS MER