Sökning: "statistical model"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 1064 avhandlingar innehållade orden statistical model.

  1. 1. Graphical representations of Ising and Potts models : Stochastic geometry of the quantum Ising model and the space-time Potts model

    Författare :Jakob Erik Björnberg; Anders Björner; Jeffrey Steif; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Quantum Ising model; Ising model; Potts model; random-cluster model; random-current representation; random-parity representation; differential inequality; phase transition; Discrete mathematics; Diskret matematik;

    Sammanfattning : HTML clipboard Statistical physics seeks to explain macroscopic properties of matter in terms of microscopic interactions. Of particular interest is the phenomenon of phase transition: the sudden changes in macroscopic properties as external conditions are varied. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Model Selection and Sparse Modeling

    Författare :Yngve Selén; Peter Stoica; Jean-Jacques Fuchs; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; model selection; model order selection; model averaging; nested models; sparse models; Bayesian inference; MMSE estimation; MAP estimation; ML estimation; AIC; BIC; GIC; RAKE receivers; pulse compression; radar; linear models; linear regression models; Signal processing; Signalbehandling;

    Sammanfattning : Parametric signal models are used in a multitude of signal processing applications. This thesis deals with signals for which there are many candidate models, and it is not a priori known which model is the most appropriate one. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Novel Statistical Methods in Quantitative Genetics : Modeling Genetic Variance for Quantitative Trait Loci Mapping and Genomic Evaluation

    Författare :Xia Shen; Örjan Carlborg; Lars Rönnegård; William Hill; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; statistical genetics; quantitative trait loci; genome-wide association study; genomic selection; genetic variance; hierarchical generalized linear model; linear mixed model; random effect; heteroscedastic effects model; variance-controlling genes; Complex Systems – Microdata Analysis; Komplexa system - mikrodataanalys;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis develops and evaluates statistical methods for different types of genetic analyses, including quantitative trait loci (QTL) analysis, genome-wide association study (GWAS), and genomic evaluation. The main contribution of the thesis is to provide novel insights in modeling genetic variance, especially via random effects models. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Models in Neutrino Physics : Numerical and Statistical Studies

    Författare :Johannes Bergström; Tommy Ohlsson; Pilar Hernandez; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Neutrino mass; lepton mixing; Majorana neutrinos; neutrino oscillations; neutrinoless double beta decay; statistical methods; Bayesian inference; model selection; effective field theory; Weinberg operator; seesaw models; inverse seesaw; right-handed neutrinos; renormalization group; threshold effects.; Neutrinomassor; leptonblandning; Majorananeutriner; neutrinooscillationer; neutrinol¨ost dubbelt betas¨onderfall; statistiska metoder; Bayesisk inferens; modellval; effektiv f¨altteori; Weinbergoperator; seesawmodeller; invers seesaw; högerhänta neutriner; renormeringsgrupp; tröskeleffekter.;

    Sammanfattning : The standard model of particle physics can excellently describe the vast majorityof data of particle physics experiments. However, in its simplest form, it cannot account for the fact that the neutrinos are massive particles and lepton flavorsmixed, as required by the observation of neutrino oscillations. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Model Based Speech Enhancement and Coding

    Författare :David Yuheng Zhao; Bastiaan Kleijn; Peter Kabal; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; statistical model; Gaussian mixture mdel GMM ; hidden Markov model HMM ; moise reduction; Telecommunication; Telekommunikation;

    Sammanfattning : In mobile speech communication, adverse conditions, such as noisy acoustic environments and unreliable network connections, may severely degrade the intelligibility and natural- ness of the received speech quality, and increase the listening effort. This thesis focuses on countermeasures based on statistical signal processing techniques. LÄS MER