Sökning: "soil functions"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 62 avhandlingar innehållade orden soil functions.

  1. 1. Assessing Soil Functions for Sustainable Remediation of Contaminated Sites

    Författare :Yevheniya Volchko; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; soil functions; Contaminated sites soil; minimum data set; soil ecosystem services; sustainability assessment; remediation; soil quality indicators;

    Sammanfattning : Soil contamination is a worldwide problem. Soil remediation is often carried out to reduce the risks posed by contaminants in the soil to human health and environment. Contaminant concentration is typically the only soil quality aspect maintained in remediation projects. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Nitrous oxide emission from soil : On extrapolation from soil environmental factors

    Författare :Kerstin Robertson; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; N20 emission; denitrification; soil factors; soil moisture; N03-; NH4 ; regression analysis; PLS analysis; IR remote sensing; INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH AREAS; TVÄRVETENSKAPLIGA FORSKNINGSOMRÅDEN;

    Sammanfattning : Nitrous oxide(N20) is a natural component of the atmosphere which contributes both to the greenhouse effect and to the destruction of stratospheric ozone. National as well as global inventories indicate thatboth natural and anthropogenic emissions from terrestrial ecosystems constitute a large fraction of the annual loading of N20 on the atmosphere. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Soil salinity as a driver of microbial community structure and functioning

    Författare :Kristin Rath; MEMEG; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Soil salinization; Soil Microbiology; soil microbial community; Bacteria; Aerobic; Fungi; Drying-rewetting; Microbial growth; Microbial biomass; Soil respiration; salinity tolerance; Saline soils; Salinity gradient;

    Sammanfattning : Soil salinization is a pressing agricultural problem in many areas of the world, particularly in areas heavily reliant on irrigation agriculture. While the negative effects of salinity on crop plants have been widely studied, its effects on soil microorganisms have received less attention, and the impact of soil salinity on both microbial community structure and functioning is not well understood. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Diversity of soil microbial communities: In the perspective of targeting functional genes

    Författare :Lokeshwaran Manoharan; Biodiversitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Soil; metagenomics; sequence capture; microbial communities; functional diversity; taxonomic diversity;

    Sammanfattning : Abstract Intensive land use in agriculture can lead to higher loss of biodiversity in soils and subsequently carbon due to tillage and application of pesticides and fertilizers. The microbial communities are pivotal to ecosystem processes in soil such as nutrient cycling, soil formation and plant productivity and thus are affected by land use. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Dynamic soil-structure interaction of simply supported high-speed railway bridges

    Författare :Johan Lind Östlund; Jean-Marc Battini; Andreas Andersson; Mahir Ülker-Kaustell; Rui Calçada; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Dynamic soil-structure interaction; Railway bridge; Impedance function; Soil dynamics; High-speed train; Bro- och stålbyggnad; Structural Engineering and Bridges;

    Sammanfattning : Research performed on the subject of dynamic soil-structure interaction (SS) concerning railway bridges is presented in this thesis with the focus on simply supported railway bridges supported by shallow foundations in soil strata on bedrock. The research aims to obtain insight into the SSI of high-speed railway bridges and to provide recommendations on how to model the soil-bridge system from a design perspective. LÄS MER