Sökning: "softwood"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 138 avhandlingar innehållade ordet softwood.

  1. 1. Extended impregnation kraft cooking of softwood : Effects on reject, yield, pulping uniformity, and physical properties

    Författare :Katarina Karlström; Mikael E. Lindström; Elisabet Brännvall; Kristofer Gamstedt; Anna Jacobs; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; high kappa number pulp; extended impregnation; softwood; spruce; picea abies; pine; pinus sylvestris; uniform delignification; kappa number distribution; reject; yield; tensile index; tensile stiffness index; SCT; starch multilayers; mechano-sorptive creep; hygroexpansion; dimensional stability; eucalypt; birch; acacia; Cellulose and paper engineering; Cellulosa- och pappersteknik;

    Sammanfattning : Converting wood into paper is a complex process involving many different stages, one of which is pulping. Pulping involves liberating the wood fibres from each other, which can be done either chemically or mechanically. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Strength Properties of Paper produced from Softwood Kraft Pulp : Pulp Mixture, Reinforcement and Sheet Stratification

    Författare :Hanna Karlsson; Luciano Beghello; Lars Nilsson; Lennart Stolpe; Öyvind Gregersen; Karlstads universitet; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; paper strength; tensile strength; tearing resistance; folding endurance; fracture toughness; handsheet former; stratify; multilayer; multiply; reinforcement; refining; beating; abaca; glass fibre; polyester; lyocell; softwood; bond strength; Cellulose and paper engineering; Cellulosa- och pappersteknik; Chemical Engineering; Kemiteknik;

    Sammanfattning : For paper producers, an understanding of the development of strength properties in the paper is of uttermost importance. Strong papers are important operators both in the traditional paper industry as well as in new fields of application, such as fibre-based packaging, furniture and light-weight building material. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Bioethanol Production: Pretreatment and Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Softwood

    Författare :Charlotte Tengborg; Institutionen för kemiteknik; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; recirculation of process streams; detoxification; inhibition; hydrolysis conditions; enzymatic hydrolysis; Ethanol production; steam pretreatment; softwood; Carbochemistry; petrochemistry; fuels and explosives technology; Petrokemi; bränslen; sprängämnen;

    Sammanfattning : The enzymatic hydrolysis process can be used to produce bioethanol from softwood, which are the dominating raw material in the Northern hemisphere. This thesis deals with the development of the process focusing on the pretreatment and the enzymatic hydrolysis stages. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Ethanol from Softwood - Process Development Based on Steam Pretreatment and SSF

    Författare :Kerstin Stenberg; Institutionen för kemiteknik; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; economy; infection; inhibition; recirculation; S. cerevisiae; SSF; steam pretreatment; ethanol production; process development; softwood; Carbochemistry; petrochemistry; fuels and explosives technology; Petrokemi; bränslen; sprängämnen;

    Sammanfattning : Fuel ethanol can be produced from lignocellulosics by the enzymatic hydrolysis process, which consists of a pretreatment step prior to hydrolysis, followed by fermentation and finally refining. This thesis deals with the development of the enzymatic process using softwood as raw material. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Kraft pulping - Reaction kinetics of lignin and hexenuronic acid in softwood

    Författare :Johannes Bogren; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; DWC; Reaction kinetics; LCC; Hexenuronic acid; Mass transfer resistance; Ionic strength; Softwood; Delignification; Kraft pulping;

    Sammanfattning : .... LÄS MER