Sökning: "smokeless tobacco"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 18 avhandlingar innehållade orden smokeless tobacco.

  1. 1. Smokeless Tobacco (Snus) and Cardiovascular Disease : Associations with Heart Failure and Prognosis after Myocardial Infarction

    Författare :Gabriel Arefalk; Johan Sundström; Martin Holzmann; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Snus; smokeless tobacco; nicotine; cardiovascular disease; heart failure; myocardial infarction; mortality; prognosis; epidemiology; Epidemiologi; Epidemiology;

    Sammanfattning : Previous investigations of snus use (oral moist snuff, a Swedish form of smokeless tobacco) and cardiovascular disease have generally focused on atherosclerotic events such as myocardial infarction and stroke, likely because smoking is such a well-established risk factor for atherosclerotic disease. Smokeless administration of tobacco circumvents most of the atherogenic effects of the combusted products from smoked tobacco, but it is possible that the potent autonomic and hemodynamic effects of snus and nicotine per se are detrimental for cardiovascular tissues. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Smoking, Snuffing and Oral Health with Special Reference to Dental Caries

    Författare :Lena Hellqvist; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; carbohydrates; dental care habits; dental caries; nicotine-containing snus; nicotine-free snus; plaque pH; salivary factors; smokeless tobacco; smoking; snuff; socioeconomic factors; tobacco; carbohydrates; Dental Hygiene; Oral hälsa;

    Sammanfattning : Background and aims: This thesis describes oral health and the use of tobacco with the emphasis on dental caries and Swedish snuff (snus). There appears to be a general opinion in Sweden that snus protects against caries, but there are no scientific studies that support these speculations. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Snuff use and oral health among young ice-hockey players : Implications for oral health promotion

    Författare :Margot Rolandsson; Karlstads universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; adolescence; grounded theory; health promotion; ice-hockey; intervention; oral health; smokeless tobacco; smoking; snuff; snuff lesions; sports; tobacco; Dental Hygiene; Oral hälsa;

    Sammanfattning : .... LÄS MER

  4. 4. Harm and harm reduction in smokeless tobacco users. An in vitro and clinical study

    Författare :Mats Wallström; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Cessation; nicotine replacement; smokeless tobacco; immunotoxicity; oral mucosa; snuff; reversibility; Langerhans cells; rat oral epithelium; nicotine;

    Sammanfattning : Background: This thesis describes the effects of smokeless tobacco (ST) and its derivatives on the oral mucosa; the development of, and results of applying a cessation program for snuff users with long and extensive exposure; and the persistent clinical and histomorphological changes after cessation. Methods: Three of the studies were open prospective non-randomized clinical intervention trials using nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) of either 4 mg nicotine chewing gum or 2 mg nicotine lozenges. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Long-term use of smokeless tobacco : Cardiovascular mortality and risk factors

    Författare :Gunilla Bolinder; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Smokeless tobacco; smoking nicotine; eardiovaseular diseases; hypertension; physical fitness; exereise test; atheroselerosis; ultrasonography; risk faetors; ambulatory blood pressure. St;

    Sammanfattning : Little is known about the risks of cardiovaseular disease associated with the use of smokeless tobacco, which produces blood nicotine levels similar to those caused by cigarette smoking. There were 900 000 smokeless tobacco users in Sweden in 1996. LÄS MER