Sökning: "size-structured interactions"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 8 avhandlingar innehållade orden size-structured interactions.

  1. 1. Effects of behavioural flexibility and habitat complexity on predator-prey interactions in fish communities

    Författare :Peter Eklöv; Gary G. Mittelbach; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; predator-prey interactions; behavioural flexibility; habitat complexity; foraging mode; sit-and-wait; group foraging; Perea fluviatilis; Esox lucius; Rutilus rutilus; size-structured interactions; species-specific antipredator behaviour; proximate cues; habitat distribution; temporal patterns;

    Sammanfattning : .... LÄS MER

  2. 2. Invasion of top and intermediate consumers in a size structured fish community

    Författare :Per Ask; Lennart Persson; Daniel E Schindler; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Invasion; intraguild predation; size-structure; cannibalism; climate; temperature; Arctic char; ninespine stickleback; Freshwater ecology; Limnisk ekologi; biology; biologi;

    Sammanfattning : In this thesis I have investigated the effects of invading top and intermediate consumers in a size-structured fish community, using a combination of field studies, a lake invasion experiment and smaller scale pond and aquaria experiments. The lake invasion experiment was based on introductions of an intermediate consumer, ninespine stickleback (Pungitius pungitius L. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Ontogenetic bottlenecks : effects on intraguild predation systems and ecosystem efficiency

    Författare :Birte Reichstein; Lennart Persson; André M. De Roos; Priyanga Amarasekare; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; mixed interactions; cannibalism; life-history omnivory; ontogenetic niche shift; biomass overcompensation; biomass production; ontogenetic asymmetry; indirect effects; biology; biologi; zooekologi; Animal Ecology;

    Sammanfattning : Size-dependent differences between individuals in size-structured organisms have fundamental effect on population and community dynamics. Intraguild predation (IGP) is one specifically interesting constellation that often arises when two size-structured populations interact. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Food Web Ecology -- individual life-histories and ecological processes shape complex communities

    Författare :Martin Hartvig; Evolutionär ekologi; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; food web; community ecology; community assembly; size-structure; life-history omnivory; ontogeny; trophic interactions; trait based model; topology; emergent organisation; size-spectrum;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis sets out a food web framework for size-structured populations. The framework enables an ecological approach to food web modelling as the individual life-history from birth, through maturation, and ultimately death is explicitly resolved with the use of bioenergetics based on individual body size. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Carex humilis - a caespitose clonal plant: ramet demography, ring formation, and community interactions

    Författare :Sofie Wikberg; Biologiska institutionen; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; ramet density; Plant ecology; Växtekologi; ramet population dynamics; aggregated ramets; intravaginal; phalanx type; LTRE; matrix model; fitness; dry grassland; hollow crown; fairy ring; central die back;

    Sammanfattning : Carex humilis forms rings of densely aggregated ramets in dry grassland vegetation in Central Europe. In the thesis I conclude that ramet demography is important both for analyzing fitness in clonal plants and for understanding how C. humilis rings are formed. I studied the ramet demography of C. LÄS MER