Sökning: "similarity"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 595 avhandlingar innehållade ordet similarity.

  1. 1. Geometric Models of Similarity

    Detta är en avhandling från Department of Computer Science, Lund University

    Författare :Mikael Johannesson; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2002]
    Nyckelord :HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; symmetry; similarity; separable dimensions; prominence; multidimensional scaling; Minkowski metric; machine learning; integral dimensions; familiarity; geometric models; distance metric; asymmetry; conceptual spaces; Computer science; numerical analysis; systems; control; Datalogi; numerisk analys; system; kontroll; Geometry; algebraic topology; Geometri; algebraisk topologi;

    Sammanfattning : This dissertation examines and discusses some phenomena related to the geometric representation of similarity. It takes its inspiration from the existing body of empirical research within the fields of perceptual and cognitive psychology, but also connects to certain areas of machine learning. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Reasoning by Analogy - A Study on Analogy-Based Arguments in Law

    Detta är en avhandling från Faculty of Law, Lund university

    Författare :David Reidhav; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2007]
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Reasoning by analogy; legal argumentation; legal methodology; formal justice; stare decisis; precedent; analogy; proportional analogy; similarity; dimensional property; comparative similarity; arguments from analogy; closure rule; jurisprudence; allmän rättslära;

    Sammanfattning : This doctoral dissertation is a study on analogy-based arguments in law. Its overarching aim is to clarify reasoning by analogy in law. A model is proposed for analyzing and assessing arguments from analogy in law. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Similarity-based processes in human multiple-cue judgment evidence from brain imaging and cognitive modelling

    Detta är en avhandling från Umeå : Umeå Universitet

    Författare :Sara Stillesjö; Umeå universitet.; Umeå universitet.; [2019]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; multiple-cue judgment; similarity-based; rule-based; exemplar-based model; fMRI; cognitive modelling;

    Sammanfattning : Background: We often make judgments that require the consideration of several sources of information. For example, a teacher that grades a student´s exam question often integrates multiple sources of information (cues: details provided in the answer) into a single criterion dimension (the grade). LÄS MER

  4. 4. Essays in Public Finance and Behavioral Economics

    Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Department of Economics, Uppsala University

    Författare :Arnaldur Stefánsson; Uppsala universitet.; [2019]
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Frisch elasticity of labor supply; identification; elasticity heterogeneity; tax compliance; loss aversion; prospect theory; benefit take-up; similarity; distributive justice; moral decision-making; ambiguity attitudes; framing; consistency of choice; Economics; Nationalekonomi;

    Sammanfattning : Essay I: I study how individuals adjust their labor supply in response to a year with tax free income. Due to a transformation from a retroactive to a pay-as-you-earn tax system, income earned on the Icelandic labor market in 1987 was never taxed. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Fuzzy similarity-based image processing

    Detta är en avhandling från Örebro : Örebro universitetsbibliotek

    Författare :Gustav Tolt; Örebro universitet.; [2005]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Image analysis; Bildanalys; TECHNOLOGY Information technology Image analysis; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Informationsteknik Bildanalys; Industriell mätteknik; Industrial Measurement Technology;

    Sammanfattning : Computer vision problems require low-level operations, e.g. noise reduction and edge detection, as well as high-level operations, e.g. LÄS MER