Sökning: "secular trends"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 30 avhandlingar innehållade orden secular trends.

  1. 1. Anthropometry in the elderly. Population studies on longitudinal changes, secular trends and risk for morbidity and mortality

    Författare :Debashish Kumar Dey; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Anthropometry; height; body weight; body mass index; waist circumference; longitudinal changes; ageing; secular trends; stroke; morbidity; mortality; elderly;

    Sammanfattning : The aims of this thesis were to a) describe longitudinal changes in height and body weight (BW) between the ages 70 and 95y; b) describe secular trends in height and BW of 70-year-olds and their relation to social and lifestyle factors; c) investigate waist circumference (WC) and body mass index (BMI) at age 70 as risk for stroke during a 15-y follow-up; and, d) examine the relationship between 1) BMI at age 70 and 15-y all- cause mortality, 2) the percentage of weight change from age 70 to 75 and subsequent 5- and 10-y mortality. The studies were performed within the framework of the gerontological and geriatric population studies in Göteborg, Sweden-the H70 studies. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Childhood overweight and pubertal timing as predictors of adult cancer in men

    Författare :Jimmy Célind; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; childhood body mass index; young adult body mass index; cancer; epidemiology; birthweight; secular trends;

    Sammanfattning : Background and Aim Obesity is one of the leading causes of cancer globally. The importance of overweight in childhood for adult cancer risk, independent of overweight status in young adulthood is still unknown. Furthermore, how male pubertal timing influences the risk of prostate cancer has not been established. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Manifestations and Survival in Coronary Heart Disease

    Författare :Kerstin Dudas; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :coronary heart disease; acute coronary syndrome; coronary-bypass grafting; mortality; case fatality; survival; manifestation; predictors; risk factors; trends; cholesterol;

    Sammanfattning : Aim: To investigate how risk factors predict manifestations in coronary heart disease (CHD), and trends in short-term and long-term survival including trends in out-of-hospital mortality. Populations and methods: In the first study 7388 men aged 47 to 55 and free of previous acute myocardial infarction (AMI) or stroke were investigated during 28 years’ follow-up. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Overweight and obesity in the young and old: Prevalence, prevention and eating behavior

    Författare :Gabriele Eiben; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :prevention; BMI; elderly; young adults; lifestyle; diet; intervention; secular trends; twin study; EDI-2; genetic; environment;

    Sammanfattning : ABSTRACT Background: During the last 25 years the prevalence of overweight and obe-sity has increased dramatically, both in developed and developing countries. The World Health Organization is declaring it an epidemic. In Sweden the increase was almost 50% between 1980 and 2005. The largest increases oc-curred in the 16-24-year age group. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Essays on Credit Ratings

    Författare :Anamaria Cociorva; Företagsekonomiska institutionen; []
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; credit ratings; financial constraints; bond index; credit rating standards; rating conservatism; time variation in credit ratings; secular trends; Credit Rating Agencies;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis consists of four self-contained articles, all of which contribute to the empirical research on credit ratings. Broadly speaking, the first two papers highlight two less ordinary “uses” of credit ratings, in the context of (1) measuring financial constraints and (2) bond market segmentation. LÄS MER