Sökning: "ribotyping"

Hittade 5 avhandlingar innehållade ordet ribotyping.

  1. 1. Characterisation of Food Associated Bacteria by DNA based Methods, with Special Reference to Enterobacteriaceae

    Författare :Crister Olsson; Livsmedelsteknik; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Food and drink technology; 16S rRNA; TTGE; ribotyping; Rahnella; Klebsiella; HPI; Enterobacteriaceae; food; Livsmedelsteknik;

    Sammanfattning : The presence of genes in food, encoding some virulence factors, was studied by PCR, and species of Enterobacteriaceae, associated with food, were studied by the DNA-based methods of TTGE, ribotyping and sequencing. The flora of fresh and chill-stored pork were analysed by a culture-independent approach, using specific amplification of 16S rRNA genes followed by cloning and sequencing. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Detection and Characterisation of Salmonella in Animal Feed Samples by PCR-Based Methods

    Författare :Charlotta Löfström; Teknisk mikrobiologi; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Food and drink technology; Livsmedelsteknik; Biotechnology; Bioteknik; Biokemisk teknik; Biochemical technology; Analytisk kemi; Analytical chemistry; mykologi; virologi; bakteriologi; Mikrobiologi; validation; Microbiology; bacteriology; virology; mycology; Salmonella; ribotyping; detection; animal feed; randomly amplified polymorphic DNA; pulsed-field gel electrophorsis; pre-PCR processing; PCR; polymerase chain reaction; genotyping;

    Sammanfattning : Animal feed is a recognised source of Salmonella enterica for farm livestock and may also indirectly cause infection in people consuming foods of animal origin. It is therefore important to have rapid, reproducible and specific methods for the detection of Salmonella in feed, and for the characterisation of strains for further epidemiological investigations or to trace the source of contamination in a production facility. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea - aspects of hospital epidemiology and treatment

    Författare :Marlene Wullt; Enheten för infektionssjukdomar; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Infektioner; peracety ions; Lactobacillus plantarum 299v; metronidazole; fusidic acid; PCR-ribotyping; Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea; AP-PCR; Infections; acidified nitrite;

    Sammanfattning : Clostridium difficile is a spore-forming bacterium that causes antibiotic-associated diarrhoea and is responsible for hospital outbreaks of diarrhoea. In the first study, 173 consecutive isolates of C. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Bacillus Cereus. Adhesion Ability to Biological and Non-Biological Surfaces, Enterotoxins, Characterization

    Författare :Annika Andersson; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :characterization; Bacillus cereus; spores; adhesion; enterotoxin;

    Sammanfattning : The organism investigated in this thesis was Bacillus cereus, which is important as a food spoilage organism and as a pathogen. The adhesion of endospores to and the removal of endospores from siliconized glass surfaces were investigated to increase the knowledge of adhesion mechanisms and to improve the removal of endospores from surfaces. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Bacterial identification by the 16S rRNA gene

    Författare :Tobias Olofsson; Avdelningen för medicinsk mikrobiologi; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Livsmedelsteknik; Food and drink technology; Naturvetenskap; Natural science; mykologi; virologi; Mikrobiologi; mycology; virology; bacteriology; 16S rRNA; Microbiology; Identification; Bacteria; bakteriologi;

    Sammanfattning : The identification and classification of bacteria was initially performed with morphological methods applied on cultivated bacteria. It was not until the mid 1970s, when sequences of ribosomal RNA were discovered to be useful for bacterial evolution, that a new era started. This method showed to be far more accurate for bacterial identification. LÄS MER