Sökning: "respiratory indices"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 14 avhandlingar innehållade orden respiratory indices.

  1. 1. Exercise physiology and cardiac function. Aspects on determinants of maximal oxygen uptake

    Författare :Katarina Steding Ehrenborg; Lund Klinisk fysiologi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; respiratory indices; peak oxygen uptake; heart failure; cardiac magnetic resonance imaging; exercise physiology;

    Sammanfattning : Although the athlete's heart has been of interest for over 100 years, further characterization of the athletes heart is needed in order to understand how training affects cardiac dimensions and function. Few studies have investigated the effects of training in female athletes and few have compared males and females. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Health-Related Quality of Life in COPD and Asthma - Discriminative and evaluative aspects

    Författare :Elisabeth Ståhl; Lund Lungmedicin och Allergologi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Andningsorganen; Respiratory system; evaluative; discriminative; questionnaire; asthma; COPD; HRQL; patient-reported outcome; health-related quality of life;

    Sammanfattning : Background - The effects of intervention can be evaluated in different ways, and objective measurements of changes in lung function are commonly used as the outcome measure. Patient-reported outcome (PRO) is an umbrella term used for all patient-based assessments. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Epidemiology of asthma in primary school children

    Författare :Anders Bjerg Bäcklund; Eva Rönmark; Bo Lundbäck; Thomas Sandström; Giovanni Viegi; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Asthma; wheeze; child; allergic sensitisation; prevalence; remission; risk factor; trend; Lung diseases; Lungsjukdomar;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Childhood asthma has increased worldwide, although recent studies report a prevalence plateau in some western countries.Aims: To investigate the prevalence of asthma and the associated risk factor patterns from ages 7-8 to 11-12 with special emphasis on the hereditary component, and further to study prevalence trends at age 7-8 from 1996 to 2006 and the possible determinants of these trends. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Lung function in relation to exercise capacity in health and disease

    Författare :Amir Farkhooy; Andrei Malinovschi; Christer Janson; Hans Hedenström; Harrpa Arnardottir; Ann Ekberg Jansson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Exercise capacity; Exercise test; Lung function; Spirometri; Diffusion capacity; COPD; Pulmonary hypertension; Clinical Physiology; Klinisk fysiologi;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Exercise capacity (EC) is widely recognized as a strong and independent predictor of mortality and disease progression in various diseases, including cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases. Furthermore, it is generally accepted that exercise capacity in healthy individuals and in patients suffering from cardiovascular diseases is mainly limited by the maximum cardiac output. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Surfactant metabolism in the newborn : The impact of ventilation strategy and lung disease

    Författare :Kajsa Bohlin; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Surface active agents; pulmonary surfactant; respiratory distress syndrome; stable isotope; artificial respiration; continuous positive airway pressure; metabolism; rabbit; compliance; preterm; newborn;

    Sammanfattning : Developmental deficiency in pulmonary surfactant leads to respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm infants, but all newborns may have impaired surfactant metabolism secondary to lung disease or ventilator induced lung injury. Exogenous surfactant treatment is usually administered in conjunction with mechanical ventilation. LÄS MER