Sökning: "relativistic outflows"
Hittade 4 avhandlingar innehållade orden relativistic outflows.
1. Microphysical Conditioning of Gamma-Ray Burst Shocks
Sammanfattning : Gamma-Ray Bursts (GRBs) are believed to be connected with either collapse of massive stars or – in some cases – coalescing neutron stars, both of which cause extreme relativistic explosions observable from the entire Universe. GRBs produce rapid flashes of high energy radiation, extending up to 2MeV in photon energies: as much energy per photon as the rest mass of 4 electrons. LÄS MER
2. Generation of magnetic fields in plasmas
Sammanfattning : Relativistic and non-relativistic plasma outflows are quite ubiquitous in astrophysical scenarios, as well as in laboratory plasmas. The propagation of relativistic and non- relativistic charged particle beams in background plasmas provides return currents in the opposite direction and interactions between the currents then drive several plasma instabilities involving the longitudinal (electrostatic instabilities) and trans- verse (electromagnetic instability) modes. LÄS MER
3. Photospheric emission in gamma-ray bursts
Sammanfattning : This thesis considers emission from gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), the most powerful explosions known in the Universe. Most GRBs are likely associated with the final stages of stellar evolution, where the core of a massive star collapses, and gives birth to a highly compact object such as a neutron star or black hole. LÄS MER
4. Spectral and Temporal Studies of Gamma-Ray Bursts
Sammanfattning : Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are sporadic flashes of light observed primarily in the gamma-ray band. Being the brightest explosions in the Universe since its birth, they are at present also the furthest astronomical sources detected. LÄS MER