Sökning: "refractive-index profiles"

Hittade 5 avhandlingar innehållade orden refractive-index profiles.

  1. 1. Network Disruption and Turbulence in Fibre Suspensions

    Författare :Sven Andersson; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :transition; friction; refractive index matching; Laser Doppler Anemometry LDA ; boundary-layer; Computational Fluid Dynamics CFD ; medium consistency MC ; network strength; fluidisation; pulp; suspension; fibres;

    Sammanfattning : The production of paper pulp involves the handling of large quantities of fibre suspensions. Today's call for energy efficiency and environmentally sound processes has led to the development of MC (Medium Consistency) technology. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Measuring and modelling variations in the distribution of atmospheric water vapour using GPS

    Författare :Tobias Nilsson; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Global Positioning System GPS ; Microwave Radiometry; Water Vapour; Climate; Atmospheric Turbulence;

    Sammanfattning : Turbulence introduce variations in the refractive index of air, which in turn result in fluctuations in the phase and amplitude of radio signals propagating through the atmosphere. Most important are the variations due to fluctuations in the water vapour field. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Lower hybrid current drive in the Tore Supra tokamak

    Författare :Emelie Nilsson; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; fusion plasma physics; fast electron dynamics; launcher; tokamak; radio frequency waves; lower hybrid current drive;

    Sammanfattning : To control and extract energy from nuclear fusion reactions, a mixture of deuterium and tritium gases must be heated to temperatures on the order of 100 million degrees, whilst maintaining a sufficiently high density. The main difficulty is to confine the ionised gases, i.e. plasma, until the rate of fusion reactions becomes large enough. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Asymmetrical Flow Field-Flow Fractionation in the Application to Biological Macromolecules

    Författare :Cecilia Arfvidsson; Centrum för analys och syntes; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Analytical chemistry; Analytisk kemi; Bioteknik; Biotechnology; biotechnology; recombinant protein production; molecular weight; Escherichia coli; ribosomes; glutenin; asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation; multiangle light scattering;

    Sammanfattning : Asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation (AsFlFFF) is especially useful in the application to biological macromolecules due to the absence of a stationary phase in the separation channel. As a result no upper exclusion limit occurs and low shear forces affect the sample components. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Optical Sensing With an Ordinary Mobile Phone

    Författare :Zafar Iqbal; Ingemar Lundström; Robert Björklund; Mats Eriksson; Magnus Willander; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :;

    Sammanfattning : A major portion of the world’s population (≈ 80% of the total) lives in developing countries where lab instruments such as spectrophotometers are not widely available as their purchasing as well as maintenance is normally unaffordable. On the other hand, there are now around five billion mobile phone subscriptions worldwide and the current generation of standard mobile phones has several capabilities to perform user-defined analysis. LÄS MER