Sökning: "recalcitrant carbon"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 25 avhandlingar innehållade orden recalcitrant carbon.

  1. 1. Permafrost carbon in a changing Arctic : On periglacial landscape dynamics, organic matter characteristics, and the stability of a globally significant carbon pool

    Författare :Niels Weiss; Peter Kuhry; Duane Froese; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Permafrost; Carbon; Climate; Arctic; Soil; Organic Matter; Cryosphere; Geomorphology; Physical Geography; naturgeografi;

    Sammanfattning : Organic matter (OM) in arctic permafrost ground contains about twice as much carbon (C) as is currently present in the atmosphere. Climate change is particularly strong in the Arctic, and could cause a considerable part of the OM in permafrost to thaw out, decompose, and be released as greenhouse gases; further enhancing global warming. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Flocculation of Allochthonous Dissolved Organic Matter – a Significant Pathway of Sedimentation and Carbon Burial in Lakes

    Författare :Eddie von Wachenfeldt; Lars Tranvik; David Bastviken; John Downing; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; flocculation; dissolved organic carbon; allochthonous; carbon sequestration; carbon cycle; boreal lakes; Freshwater ecology; Limnisk ekologi;

    Sammanfattning : Inland waters receive substantial amounts of organic carbon from adjacent watersheds. Only about half of the carbon exported from inland waters reaches the oceans, while the remainder is lost en route. This thesis identifies flocculation as an important and significant fate of carbon in the boreal landscape. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Molecular and isotopic characterization of terrestrial organic carbon released to (sub-)Arctic coastal waters

    Författare :Jorien Elisabeth Vonk; Örjan Gustafsson; Jason Neff; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :organic carbon; terrestrial biomarkers; radiocarbon; particulate organic carbon; sediments; sphagnum; Arctic; Bothnian Bay; East Siberian Sea; Kalix River; Kolyma River; Applied Environmental Science; tillämpad miljövetenskap;

    Sammanfattning : Arctic soils store half of the global soil organic carbon (OC) pool and twice as much C as is currently present in the atmosphere. A considerable part of these carbon pools are stored in permafrost. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Ecosystem functioning in streams : Disentangling the roles of biodiversity, stoichiometry, and anthropogenic drivers

    Författare :André Frainer; Roland Jansson; Brendan McKie; Jonathan Benstead; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; detrital food web; functional diversity; stoichiometry; nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations; recalcitrant carbon; spatial and temporal species distribution; pools and riffles; isotopes; leaf decomposition rates; land use; restoration; habitat complexity;

    Sammanfattning : What will happen to ecosystems if species continue to go extinct at the high rates seen today? Although ecosystems are often threatened by a myriad of physical or chemical stressors, recent evidence has suggested that the loss of species may have impacts on the functions and services of ecosystems that equal or exceed other major environmental disturbances. The underlying causes that link species diversity to ecosystem functioning include species niche complementarity, facilitative interactions, or selection effects, which cause process rates to be enhanced in more diverse communities. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Ectomycorrhizal fungi: Their role in nitrogen retention and carbon sequestration in northern coniferous forests

    Författare :Adam Bahr; MEMEG; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Ectomycorrhizal fungi; Carbon sequestration; Nitrogen deposition; Nitrogen leakage; Field survey; Boreo-nemoral forest; Boreal Forest; Ergosterol; Free ergosterol; Mesh-bags; Multivariate analysis;

    Sammanfattning : Almost all northern forest tree species live in symbioses with ectomycorrhizal fungi (EMF). The trees allocate up to half of the photoassimilated carbon (C) through the roots to EMF. In return EMF deliver nutrients from both inorganic and organic sources in the soil, as well as water. LÄS MER