Sökning: "randomized trial"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 550 avhandlingar innehållade orden randomized trial.

  1. 1. Localized Prostate Cancer : Results From a Randomized Clinical Trial

    Författare :Anna Bill-Axelson; Lars Holmberg; Bo Johan Norlén; Peter Wiklund; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Surgery; prostate cancer; localized; randomized; biopsies; interviews; Kirurgi; Surgery; Kirurgi;

    Sammanfattning : The aims of the thesis were to• explore whether radical prostatectomy is beneficial compared with watchful waiting in survival and disease progression• find possible effect modifiers• evaluate a protocol of multiple biopsies and investigate if men with previous benign prostate biopsies are a group at risk for later prostate cancer• inquire into patients’ and clinicians’ experiences of randomization in order to find out what made this study possible to conduct, and thereby contribute to improve randomization in the futureThe background material was a large randomized clinical trial, the Scandinavian Prostatic Cancer Group Study Number 4, or SPCG-4, which was open for inclusion from February 1989 through December 1999. It comprised 695 men in Sweden, Finland and Iceland who had localized prostate cancer and were randomized to either radical prostatectomy or watchful waiting. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Sector resection and axillary dissection with or without postoperative radiotherapy : results from a randomized trial

    Författare :Göran Liljegren; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICINE; MEDICIN;

    Sammanfattning : .... LÄS MER

  3. 3. Postnatal Peer Counseling on Exclusive Breastfeeding of Low-birthweight Filipino Infants : Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial

    Författare :Grace V. Agrasada; Elisabeth Kylberg; Jan Gustafsson; Uwe Ewald; Mary Renfrew; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pediatrics; exclusive breastfeeding; RCT; peer counseling; LBW; Manila; Pediatrik; Paediatric medicine; Pediatrisk medicin;

    Sammanfattning : In a Manila hospital, 204 mothers were randomized into three groups: two intervention groups receiving home-based counseling visits, one of them (n=68) by counselors trained to use a locally developed, two-tiered program of breastfeeding counseling, and the other by counselors trained in general childcare (n=67), were compared with a control group of mothers (n=69) who did not receive any counseling. All infants were scheduled for seven visits to the hospital for follow-up. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Elective single embryo transfer

    Författare :Ann Thurin-Kjellberg; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :In vitro fertilization; elective single embryo transfer; multiple pregnancies; randomized; controlled trial; prediction of IVF outcome; embryo selection; cost-effectiveness analysis;

    Sammanfattning : The aim of the study was to evaluate if the elective single embryo transfer (eSET) strategy couldmaintain delivery rates, with at least one live born child, and at the same time decrease the rate ofmultiple births. A cost-effectiveness analysis was also performed between the elective single embryotransfer (SET) (1+1) and double embryo transfer (DET) (2+0) strategies. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Virtual reality exposure therapy for spider phobia

    Författare :Alexander Miloff; Per Carlbring; Lena (Lotta) Reuterskiöld; Nexhmedin Morina; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; Specific phobia; spider phobia; spider; fear; anxiety; virtual reality; exposure therapy; automated; alliance; psychometric; factor analysis; virtual therapist; RCT; randomized; non-inferiority; clinical trial; dissemination; 12-month follow-up; psykologi; Psychology;

    Sammanfattning : Exposure therapy for specific phobia involving systematic and repeated presentation of an aversive stimuli or situation is a highly effective treatment for reducing fear and anxiety. Dissemination of this evidence-based treatment has proved challenging, however, and for over 20 years an alternative method of delivery using virtual reality technology has been explored with positive results. LÄS MER