Sökning: "quantum transport"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 177 avhandlingar innehållade orden quantum transport.

  1. 1. Modelling of Quantum Transport in Nanostructures

    Författare :Dan Csontos; Fasta tillståndets fysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; ballistic transport; quantum wire; quantum dot; resonant tunnelling; three-terminal; disorder; Physics; Fysik; Fysicumarkivet A:2002:Csontos; scattering matrix; quantum transport;

    Sammanfattning : In this thesis, theoretical studies of the transport properties of three nanoscale systems: one-dimensional (1D) quantum wires (QWRs), zero-dimensional (0D), laterally confined, double-barrier resonant tunnelling structures (DBRTSs) and three-terminal ballistic junctions (TBJs), have been performed. In the first part of the thesis, an overview of the realization and properties of such systems is given along with a description of modelling tools used in the calculations. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Linear and Nonlinear Transport in Quantum Nanostructures

    Författare :Anneli Löfgren; Fasta tillståndets fysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; magnetoconductance; mesoscopic; electron billiard; quantum dot; quantum ratchets; non-linear; symmetries; non-symmetric conduction; rectification; artificial material; Halvledarfysik; Fysicumarkivet A:2002:Löfgren; ballistic transport; quantum transport; 2DEG; Semiconductory physics; InP InGaAs; GaAs AlGaAs;

    Sammanfattning : In this thesis, electron transport in mesoscopic semiconductor nanostructures, in particular so-called electron billiards or quantum dots, is studied. The thesis can be divided into two areas: the linear response regime of transport, and the nonlinear response regime of transport. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Quantum and Ballistic Nanodevices

    Författare :Ivan Shorubalko; Fasta tillståndets fysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; III-V semiconductors; low-dimensional structures; nanostructures; ballistic rectifiers; three-terminal ballistic junctions; quantum wires; planar quantum dots; logic gates; harmonic generation; InP; GaInAs; nanoelectronics; Fysik; Physics; nonlinear transport; electron transport; quantum nanodevices; ballistic nanodevices; Fysicumarkivet A:2003:Shorubalko;

    Sammanfattning : In this thesis, electron transport in quantum and ballistic devices was studied. The devices studied here were quantum wires, planar quantum dots, ballistic rectifiers, artificial functional materials, and three-terminal ballistic junctions. The possible application of such devices in the future nanoelectronics was also investigated. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Quantum electronic transport in low-dimensional semiconductors

    Författare :Heiner Linke; Fasta tillståndets fysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; quantum transport; two-dimensional electron gas; contact-free characterisation; ballistic transport; mesoscopic; electron billiard; quantum dot; electron-electron interaction; non-linear; phase breaking; Halvledarfysik; Fysicumarkivet A:1997:Linke; non-symmetric conductio; Semiconductory physics; low-dimensional structures;

    Sammanfattning : Electronic transport is studied at low temperatures in two-dimensional electron gases (2DEGs) and in mesoscopic semiconductor microstructures. The method of microwave-detection of the Shubnikov-de Haas effect for the contact-free characterisation of transport properties of 2DEGs is explored using both magnetic-field modulation and light-induced carrier modulation. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Quantum-Dot Heat Engines

    Författare :Martin Josefsson; NanoLund; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; quantum dot; heat engine; thermoelectric; quantum thermodynamics; quantum transport; Fysicumarkivet A:2020:Josefsson;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis explores the possibilities of using quantum dots (QDs) in nanoscale energy har- vesters converting heat into electrical energy, i.e. heat engines. From a theory perspective, these possibilities have been investigated for almost two decades, and interest in them seem to continuously increase over time. LÄS MER