Sökning: "pulmonary perfusion"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 63 avhandlingar innehållade orden pulmonary perfusion.

  1. 1. Attenuation correction in pulmonary and myocardial single photon emission computed tomography

    Författare :Helén Almquist; Lund Klinisk fysiologi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Klinisk fysiologi; tomography; medical instrumentation; radiology; Clinical physics; downscatter; myocardial perfustion; ventilation-perfusion ratio; radiologi; pulmonary density; pulmonary perfusion; attenuation correction; SPECT; transmission measurement; tomografi; medicinsk instrumentering;

    Sammanfattning : The objective was to develop and validate methods for single photon emission computed tomography, SPECT, allowing quantitative physiological and diagnostic studies of lung and heart. A method for correction of variable attenuation in SPECT, based on transmission measurements before administration of an isotope to the subject, was developed and evaluated. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Quantification of pulmonary scintigraphy

    Författare :Jiahua Xu; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Emphysema; Inhomogeneity; Perfusion; scintigraphy; SPECT; 99mTc-Technegas; Ventilation; V Q;

    Sammanfattning : Modern nuclear medicine techniques, such as SPECT (single photon emission computed tomography), enable quantification and localisation of lung function in small lung elements, but appropriate methods are not yet available. The aim of the present project was therefore to develop and evaluate methods for mapping lung function in planar scintigrams and in SPECT. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Quantitative Tracer Based MRI Perfusion : Potentials and Limitations

    Författare :Arvid Morell; Atle Bjørnerud; Håkan Ahlström; Linda Knutsson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MRI; Perfusion; Contrast agent; Relaxivity; Radiology; Radiologi;

    Sammanfattning : Tracer based MRI perfusion measurements is a clinically useful tool to assess regional distributions of tissue blood flow and volume. The method may be based on any of the three relaxation mechanisms T1, T1 and T2*, the latter denoted DSC-MRI being the most common. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Assessment of Pulmonary Blood Flow in Heart Failure. Using Novel and Non-Invasive Diagnostic Methods

    Författare :Mariam Al-Mashat; Lund Klinisk fysiologi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; heart failure; magnetic resonance imaging; pulmonary congestion; pulmonary perfusion; tomographic lung scintigraphy; V P SPECT;

    Sammanfattning : In heart failure (HF), the heart is unable to pump effectively in order to satisfy the demands of the body. The elevated filling pressure seen in HF leads to accumulation of fluid in the lungs, i.e pulmonary congestion. While investigation with chest X-ray is recommended, it has limitations in detecting pulmonary congestion. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Tomographic ventilation-perfusion lung scintigraphy in cardiopulmonary disease

    Författare :Jonas Jögi; Lund Klinisk fysiologi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Technegas; Ventilation-Perfusion Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography; Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; Heart failure; Pulmonary embolism;

    Sammanfattning : Respiration relies, among other things, on the balance between regional ventilation and perfusion in the lungs. There are many cardiopulmonary diseases, such as pulmonary embolism (PE), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and left heart failure (LHF), which can affect respiration negatively. LÄS MER