Sökning: "pulmonary fibrosis"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 51 avhandlingar innehållade orden pulmonary fibrosis.

  1. 1. Tomosynthesis in pulmonary cystic fibrosis

    Författare :Kristina Vult von Steyern; Lund Diagnostisk radiologi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Cystic fibrosis; Lung; Radiation dose; Radiography; Scoring methods; Tomography; spiral computed; X-ray computed;

    Sammanfattning : The aims of this thesis were to investigate whether chest tomosynthesis might be used in pulmonary cystic fibrosis, to design and validate a tomosynthesis scoring system, and to determine the effective dose from chest tomosynthesis in children. In a prospective study starting in 2008 clinical chest radiography or computed tomography (CT) were supplemented with a tomosynthesis examination of the lungs. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Tissue remodelling in pulmonary fibrosis linked to 5-HT2 receptor activation

    Författare :Anna Löfdahl; Lungbiologi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Serotonin 5HT ; Serotonin class 2 receptor antagonist; Fibroblast; Pulmonary fibrosis; Extracellular matrix ECM ;

    Sammanfattning : After an injury, an immediate reparative response is triggered to replace the damaged tissue, however, in fibrosis, cells remain active despite wound resolution causing a steady build-up of fibrotic tissue. In pulmonary fibrosis,there is a constant regeneration and remodelling of lung tissue where the thin architecture of alveoli become thickened, hampering efficient diffusion of oxygen, as seen in diseases like idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). LÄS MER

  3. 3. Clinical and genetical studies in cystic fibrosis and pseudohypoaldosteronism

    Författare :Charlotta Schaedel; Lund Pediatrik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; pseudohypoaldosteronism type 1; cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator CFTR ; Cystic fibrosis; pulmonary disorder; Pediatrics; epithelial sodium channel ENaC; Pediatri;

    Sammanfattning : Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common severe autosomal recessive disorder among Caucasians and is caused by mutations of the chloride channel, CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) gene. Despite a markedly improved median survival many CF patients still die at a young age. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Chest Tomosynthesis for Detection and Surveillance of Pulmonary Pathology. Studies on Cystic Fibrosis and Solid Pulmonary Nodules

    Författare :Carin Meltzer; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; digital tomosynthesis; cystic fibrosis; solid lung nodules;

    Sammanfattning : Introduction: Digital tomosynthesis (DTS) is a relatively new imaging modality in thoracic imaging. The technique is based on the equipment of conventional radiography, upgraded with a moving tube that enables separation of structures that are superimposed on chest x-ray (CXR). LÄS MER

  5. 5. Advances in Pharmacological Treatment of Cystic Fibrosis

    Författare :Igor Oliynyk; Godfried M. Roomans; Marie Johannesson; Hugo R. de Jonge; Örebro universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Cystic fibrosis; CFTR; chloride transport; N-acetylcysteine; NO-donors; duramycin; intracellular calcium; azithromycin; MEDICINE; MEDICIN; Medicin; Medicine;

    Sammanfattning : Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inborn, hereditary disease, due to mutations in the gene for a cAMP-activated chloride (Cl-) channel, the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). As a result of impaired ion and water transport,the airway mucus is abnormally viscous, which leads to bacterial colonization. LÄS MER