Sökning: "proton-transfer pathway"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 19 avhandlingar innehållade orden proton-transfer pathway.

  1. 1. Proton transfer in nitric oxide reducing heme-copper oxidases

    Författare :Joachim Reimann; Pia Ädelroth; Peter Brzezinski; Michael Wilson; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; heme-copper oxidases; nitric oxide; proton transfer; electron transfer; proton-transfer pathway; Biochemistry; biokemi;

    Sammanfattning : Heme-copper oxidases (HCuOs) are best known as terminal oxidases in the aerobic respiratory chain, in which they catalyze the reduction of oxygen to water. By receiving protons and electrons from opposite sides of the membrane as well as pumping protons, HCuOs contribute to the electrochemical proton gradient over the membrane that can be used for ATP synthesis. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Nitric Oxide Reductase from Paracoccus denitrificans : A Proton Transfer Pathway from the “Wrong” Side

    Författare :Ulrika Flock; Pia Ädelroth; Simon de Vries; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; denitrification; nitric oxide reductase; heme copper oxidase superfamily; divergent member; proton transfer; electron transfer; single turnover; spectroscopy; periplasm; glutamate; proton pathway; Biochemistry; Biokemi; biokemi; Biochemistry;

    Sammanfattning : Denitrification is an anaerobic process performed by several soil bacteria as an alternative to aerobic respiration. A key-step in denitrification (the N-N-bond is made) is catalyzed by nitric oxide reductase (NOR); 2NO + 2e- + 2H+ → N2O + H2O. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Proton transfer across and along biological membranes

    Författare :Johan Berg; Peter Brzezinski; Artur Osyczka; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; biological membranes; cardiolipin; cytochrome bo3; cytochrome c oxidase; energy conversion; fluorescence correlation spectroscopy FCS ; localized coupling; mitochondria; proton transfer; Rcf1; respiration; single-enzyme measurement; Biochemistry; biokemi;

    Sammanfattning : Proton-transfer reactions belong to the most prevalent reactions in the biosphere and make life on Earth possible, as they are central to energy conversion. In most known organisms, protons are translocated from one side of a membrane to the other, which generates an electrochemical gradient that drives ATP synthesis. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Structural elements involved in protein-mediated proton transfer : Implications from studies of cytochrome c oxidase

    Författare :Ann-Louise Johansson; Martin Högbom; Peter Brzezinski; Bertrand García-Moreno; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; cytochrome c oxidase; proton transfer; Biochemistry; biokemi;

    Sammanfattning : Proton transfer is one of the most common reactions in biological systems. During energy conversion inside a cell, proton transfer is crucial to maintain an electrochemical proton gradient across the cell membrane. This gradient is in turn used to e.g. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Electron and proton transfer in cytochrome c oxidase

    Författare :Magnus Brändén; Peter Rich; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; cytochrome c oxidase; electron transfer; proton transfer; proton; Biochemistry; Biokemi; biokemi; Biochemistry; Biophysics; biofysik;

    Sammanfattning : This doctoral thesis describes results from studies on the mechanisms by which the enzyme cytochrome c oxidase catalyses the reduction of oxygen to water. Cytochrome c oxidase is the last integral enzyme complex of the socalled respiratory chain in the mitochondrial inner membrane (plasma membrane of bacteria). LÄS MER