Sökning: "proton-pumping mechanism"
Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 15 avhandlingar innehållade orden proton-pumping mechanism.
1. Energy Transduction and Sensory Signalling in Haloarchaea Structural Characterisation of the Photocycles of Bacteriorhodopsin and Sensory Rhodopsin II
Sammanfattning : Archaeal rhodopsins belong a subfamily of heptahelical transmembrane proteins. All contain a buried retinal chromophore covalently bound to a conserved lysine residue in helix G via a protonated Schiff base. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : The aim of the present investigation was to study the mechanism by which light-energy is transformed to biologically useful chemical-energy in the form of inorganic pyrophosphate (PPi). The study was performed on chromatophores (subcellular membrane structures) from the photosynthetic nonsulphur bacterium Rhodospiri Hum rubrum. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : In mitochondria and aerobic bacteria energy conservation involves electron transfer through the membrane-bound protein of the respiratory chain to oxygen. Cytochrome c oxidase (CcO) catalyzes the reduction of oxygen to water. Part of the energy released in this reaction is used to pump protons across the membrane. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Aerobic organisms, ranging from bacteria to humans, obtain their energy through the process of respiration. Electrons from the breakdown of food are transported through the membrane-bound enzyme complexes of the respiratory chain, to the terminal acceptor molecule, oxygen. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : In the last step of cellular respiration, electrons from metabolites are transferred to molecular oxygen, mediated by the enzyme complexes of the respiratory chain. Some of these enzyme complexes couple these redox reactions to formation of an electrochemical proton gradient across the cell membrane. The proton gradient is used e.g. LÄS MER