Sökning: "prevention"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 1584 avhandlingar innehållade ordet prevention.

  1. 1. Prevention of type 2 diabetes : modeling the cost-effectiveness of diabetes prevention

    Författare :Anne Neumann; Lars Lindholm; Katarina Steen Carlsson; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; type 2 diabetes mellitus; prevention; health economics; Markov modeling; risk equations; health-related quality of life; lifestyle modification; pre-diabetic states; cost-effectiveness; Västerbotten Intervention Programme;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Diabetes is a common and costly disease that is expected to continue even to grow in prevalence and health expenditures over the coming decades. Type 2 diabetes is the most common diabetes type and is characterized by insulin resistance and relative insulin deficiency. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Margins of Prevention : - On Older Adolescents' Positive and Negative Beliefs about Illicit Drug Use

    Författare :Patrik Karlsson; Anders Bergmark; Edle Ravndal; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Illicit drugs; adolescents; prevention; margins for change; beliefs; perceptions; expectancies; positive; negative; risk; pleasure; Sweden; Social work; Socialt arbete;

    Sammanfattning : This study explores older adolescents’ positive and negative beliefs about illicit drug use from a preventive perspective. By positive beliefs is meant positive expectancies and benefit perceptions. By negative beliefs is meant negative expectancies and risk perceptions. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Adolescents' sleep in a 24/7 society : Epidemiology and prevention

    Författare :Serena Bauducco; Steven J. Linton; Ida Flink; Mari Hysing; Örebro universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Sleep problems; adolescents; sleep deficit; insomnia; sleep duration; technology; stress; prevention; epidemiology; Psychology; Psykologi;

    Sammanfattning : Sleep undergoes important changes during adolescence and many teenagers experience problems sleeping. These in turn affect adolescents´ academic, physical and psychosocial functioning. Moreover, there are some indications that sleep problems in this age group may be increasing, possibly as a consequence of societal changes, e.g. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Aspects of neonatal septicaemia : prevention and complications

    Författare :Louise Björkman Hjalmarsson; Jens Schollin; Andreas Ohlin; Claus Klingenberg; Örebro universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Neonatal sepsis; prevention; coagulase-negative staphylococci; nosocomial; hygiene; neonatal morbidity; alcohol toxicity;

    Sammanfattning : Study I was part of the Extremely Preterm Infants in Sweden Study (EXPRESS), a prospective national study including all infants born .... LÄS MER

  5. 5. Fear and avoidance in the development of a persistent musculoskeletal pain problem : implications for secondary prevention

    Författare :Katja Boersma; Steven Linton; Johan Vlaeyen; Geert Crombez; Örebro universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; Psychology; pain-related fear; fear-avoidance model; back pain; disability; development; exposure; Psykologi; Psychology; Psykologi; Psykologi; Psychology;

    Sammanfattning : This dissertation focused on the role of fear and avoidance in the development of a persistent back pain problem. The first aim of this dissertation was to study when and how cognitive, affective and behavioral factors influence one another in the development of persistent pain and disability. LÄS MER