Sökning: "preterm"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 294 avhandlingar innehållade ordet preterm.

  1. 1. Public Health Aspects of Preterm Birth. Studies using Scandinavian population-based data

    Författare :Nils-Halvdan Morken; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :preterm birth; preterm delivery; subgroups; spontaneous preterm birth; iatrogenic preterm birth; birth weight; fetal growth; reference population; outcome; cerebral palsy; prediction;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Preterm birth is an unresolved serious global health problem. Research must be multi-disciplinary, with assessment of risk factors and causative agents at many levels of observation. Such an important level is the public health aspect of preterm birth. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Preterm Infants - Odontological Aspects

    Författare :Marianne Rythén; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Preterm infants; adolescent; oral hygiene; gingivitis; dental caries; dental enamel; malocclussion; dental arch; tooth size; enamel hypomineralization; dentine; polarized light microscopy; X-ray microanalysis;

    Sammanfattning : ABSTRACT Preterm birth is associated with medical complications and treatments postnatally and disturbances in growth and development. Primary and permanent teeth develop during this postnatal period. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Development of breastfeeding behavior in preterm infants : Behavioral and neurophysiological evidence of early competence

    Författare :Kerstin Hedberg Nyqvist; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Obstetrics and gynaecology; Behavior; breastfeeding; development; electromyography; infant; mother; newborn; nurse; observation; oral; preterm; reliability; sucking; validity; Obstetrik och kvinnosjukdomar; Obstetrics and women s diseases; Obstetrik och kvinnosjukdomar; pediatrik; Pediatrics;

    Sammanfattning : The objectives of this thesis were to develop a method for observation of maturational steps in preterm infants' breastfeeding behavior, test the reliability and validity of this method, describe this development and explore effects of certain infant and maternal factors on infant breastfeeding behavior. The Preterm Infant Breastfeeding Behavior Scale (PIBBS) was developed. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Infectious and inflammatory mechanisms in preterm birth and cerebral palsy

    Författare :Bo Jacobsson; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; preterm birth; preterm labor; preterm prelabor rupture of membranes; intra-uterine infection; intra-amniotic inflammation; interleukin-6; interleukin-8; interleukin-18; monocyte chemotactic protein-1; cerebral palsy; antenatal risk factors; chorioamnionitis.;

    Sammanfattning : Background: International studies of women in preterm labor (PTL) and preterm pre-labor rupture of the membranes (pPROM) have shown a significant association between microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity (MIAC), some cytokines and chemokines and preterm birth (PTB). These studies have been performed in countries with higher incidence of PTB than that in Sweden. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Cervical and intra-amniotic markers of preterm birth and infection

    Författare :Rose-Marie Holst; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :spontaneous preterm delivery; intra-amnioti infection inflammation; preterm labor; inflammatory proteins; preterm prelabor rupture of membranes; histological chorioamnionitis; cervical and amniotic markers;

    Sammanfattning : Abstract Background: Preterm delivery (PTD; < 37 gestational weeks), is one of the greatest unsolved obstetrical problems worldwide. As much as 80% of the perinatal mortality and 50% of the long-term neurological handicaps are associated with PTD. Spontaneous preterm birth (SPTD), i.e. LÄS MER