Sökning: "poverty line"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 31 avhandlingar innehållade orden poverty line.

  1. 1. Essays on Poverty, Risk and Consumption Dynamics in Ethiopia

    Författare :Abebe Shimeles; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Ethiopia; poverty; income distribution; policy simulations; poverty spells; vulnerability; chronic poverty; consumption risk; transitory shocks; liquidity constraints; poverty traps.;

    Sammanfattning : Paper 1. This paper analysed the state of poverty and income distribution in rural and urban Ethiopia during 1994-2000. Poverty declined from 1994 to 1997, and then increased to 2000. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Shaping sustainable food systems : Local participation in addressing global challenges

    Författare :Aniek Hebinck; Line Gordon; Joost M. Vervoort; Stephan Barthel; Moya Kneafsey; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; SOCIAL SCIENCES; food systems; sustainability; food governance; transformative change; participatory processes; participation; civil society; niche level; food policy; urban food; urban agriculture; food poverty; imagined futures; foresight; vetenskap om hållbar utveckling; Sustainability Science;

    Sammanfattning : The current unsustainable trajectory of food systems puts the social and ecological processes and functions on which human flourishing depends at risk. This last decade has seen, on one hand, continued insistence on transformative action and on the other, uncertainty and instability with respect to traditional, established institutions, such as the state. LÄS MER

  3. 3. PRO-POOR PLANNING: A Tool for Strategic Territorial Planning and a Conceptual Framework Drawn from Studies in Colombia and Costa Rica

    Författare :Carlos de la Espriella; Boende och Bostadsutveckling; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; Poverty Reduction; Statistical Information; Social Housing; Urban Governance; Urbanization; Poverty Impact Assessments; Poverty Mapping; Local Authorities; Poverty; Integrated Urban Planning; Inequality; Geographic Information Systems; Decentralization; Costa Rica; Census Microdata; Colombia; Urban Residential Segregation; Urban Planning;

    Sammanfattning : Few planning practices in the South seem to be equipped with key concepts and technical, empirical and administrative capacities required to comprehend and visualize the phenomenon of poverty at inter- and intra-urban levels, which compromises their ability to inform decision-makers on the effects on poverty reduction of the land-based actions they design, implement and monitor. This challenge was addressed from conceptual, technical, empirical, and administrative angles, which correspond to the research objectives. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Linking Landscapes and Livelihoods : Ecosystem services as a lens in Sudano-Sahelian West Africa

    Författare :Hanna Sinare; Line Gordon; Anders Malmer; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; ecosystem services; landscapes; livelihoods; agroforestry; Sudano-Sahel; West Africa; Natural Resources Management; naturresurshushållning;

    Sammanfattning : Integrated landscape approaches are increasingly called for to reconcile multiple objectives from the perspectives of agriculture, forestry, poverty alleviation and biodiversity conservation. Sudano-Sahelian West Africa with low agricultural productivity and widespread poverty is a hotspot for these issues and has attracted international interest in interventions to improve livelihoods. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Traps and transformations : Exploring the potential of water system innovations in dryland sub-Saharan Africa

    Författare :Elin Enfors; Line Gordon; Christian Valentin; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :smallholder farming; water system innovations; agricultural droughts; multi-functional landscapes; development trajectories; uncertainty; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Natural Resources Management; naturresurshushållning;

    Sammanfattning : In semi-arid and dry sub-humid sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), high poverty levels and a heavy reliance on small-scale rainfed agriculture make rural livelihoods difficult. Upgrading current farming systems, in a way that safeguards productivity beyond field-scale, is urgent. LÄS MER