Sökning: "polyamines"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 43 avhandlingar innehållade ordet polyamines.

  1. 1. On the Role of Polyamines in Apoptosis

    Författare :Cecilia Hegardt; Bröstcancer-genetik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; SSAT; DENSPM; spermine; polyamines; mitochondrial membrane potential; cytochrome c; caspase; flow cytometry; Jurkat cells; mouse thymocytes; thymus in vivo; programmed cell death; Dexamethasone-induced apoptosis; Fas-induced apoptosis; AdoMetDC; Cytology; oncology; cancerology; Cytologi; onkologi; cancer; Clinical biology; Klinisk biologi; Animal physiology; Djurfysiologi;

    Sammanfattning : Apoptosis is a kind of death that is best described as cellular suicide and it is important for normal tissue homeostasis. The process can be induced by a number of different stimuli and the dying cell goes through a defined pathway terminating in typical biochemical and morphological alterations of the cell. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Modulation of the calcium-force relationship in smooth muscle by polyamines and metabolic inhibition

    Författare :Karl Swärd; Cellulär biomekanik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; metabolic inhibition; polyamines; excitation-contraction coupling; smooth muscle; intracellular calcium; Physiology; Fysiologi;

    Sammanfattning : The relationship between intracellular free calcium ([Ca2+]i) and force in smooth muscle was investigated in receptor-coupled permeabilized preparations and by fluorimetry of the calcium indicator Fura 2 in intact smooth muscle. The time integral of spontaneous [Ca2+]i transients in the intact rat portal vein was decreased by cyanide and, during tonic contraction, cyanide reduced force without changing [Ca2+]i implying metabolic sensitivity of both membrane excitation and [Ca2+]i - activation of the contractile proteins. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Calcium channel activity and force regulation in smooth muscle: Effects of polyamines and growth stimulation

    Författare :Maria Gomez; Kardiovaskulär forskning - immunitet och ateroskleros; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; verapamil; tissue culture; portal vein; patch-clamp; calcium; spermidine; spermine; polyamines; excitation-contraction; smooth muscle; calcium channel; ionomycin.; Physiology; Fysiologi;

    Sammanfattning : The initial signal for contraction in smooth muscle is an increase in [Ca2+]i. Ca2+ ions can either enter the cytosol from the extracellular medium or be released from intracellular stores. Voltage-operated Ca2+ channels (VOC) play a dominant role in the activation of smooth muscle contraction. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Mechanistic Studies On the Role of Polyamines and Microvesicles in Tumor Growth and Hypoxia-mediated Angiogenesis

    Författare :Katrin Svensson; Bröstcancer-genetik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Glioblastoma; angiogenesis; hypoxia; microvesicles; exosomes; polyamines; tissue factor; coagulation;

    Sammanfattning : Solid tumors are composed of cancer cells, as well as resident or infiltrating non-malignant cells that contribute to the malignant state in an ecosystem generally accepted as the tumor microenvironment. Microenvironmental tumor hypoxia is the foremost leading cause of angiogenesis, i.e. LÄS MER

  5. 5. On the Role of Polyamines and Microvesicles in Tumour Development. Regulation by Hypoxia and Implications for Therapeutic Intervention of Cancer

    Författare :Johanna Welch; Bröstcancer-genetik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; heparan sulphate proteoglycans; cancer; hypoxia; polyamines; microvesicles; anti-angiogenic therapy; angiogenesis;

    Sammanfattning : Novel strategies for specific tumour cell targeting are necessary in order to improve survival rates and to reduce side effects of current therapies in cancer patients. Hypoxia is a hallmark of solid tumours and one of the major driving forces for tumour progression. LÄS MER