Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 114 avhandlingar innehållade ordet plasmids.
Sammanfattning : Antibiotic resistance is an escalating problem, not only due to less desirable treatment options and outcome, but also due to the economic burden to health care caused by resistant pathogens. Since the process of developing new antibiotics is slow, we need to carefully consider the usage of the antibiotics still available. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Bacteria that have acquired resistance to antibiotics represent one of the largest threats to human health and modern health care. The genes encoding resistance are frequently spread via the transfer of plasmids, which are circular double stranded DNA molecules separate from the chromosomal DNA of the bacteria. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Significant advances within the field of DNA sequencing have allowed us to study DNA at a level of detail that was previously impossible. However, dynamic genomic regions with a high degree of structural variations, while being linked to disease in humans and increased resistance to antibiotics, are still challenging to characterize. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Plants like all other eukaryotic organisms carry most of their DNA in the nucleus. In addition, plants also have both chloroplasts and mitochondria that contain their own genetic material. The genomes in chloroplasts and mitochondria control certain vital processes, but most often the organelles act under strict nuclear control. LÄS MER
5. Long-term molecular epidemiology of extended-spectrum β-lactamase producing Escherichia coli in a low-endemic setting
Sammanfattning : Escherichia coli is a commensal inhabitant in the gastro-intestinal tract of humans and animals but it is also the most common bacterial species causing urinary tract infection, which ranges in severity from distal cystitis to urosepsis and septic shock. During the past decades, the prevalence of antibiotic resistant E. LÄS MER