Sökning: "physical properties"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 2737 avhandlingar innehållade orden physical properties.

  1. 1. Alkylglucosides - physical chemical properties

    Författare :Frederik Nilsson; Fysikalisk kemi; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; penetration experiment; DSC; SAXS; NMR self-diffusion; phase separation; size micro-structure; aggregate-aggregate interaction; liquid crystalline phases; micelles; alkylglucosides; phase diagrams; fluorescence.; Physical chemistry; Fysikalisk kemi;

    Sammanfattning : The aim of this study is to characterise the physical-chemical properties of alkylglucosides. Alkylglucosides are non-ionic surfactants synthesized from glucose and a fatty alcohol. The glucose molecule constitutes the hydrophilic head group and the fatty alcohol constitutes the hydrophobic tail. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Synthesis and Characterization of Carbon Based One-Dimensional Structures : Tuning Physical and Chemical Properties

    Författare :HamidReza Barzegar; Thomas Wågberg; Hans Kuzmany; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Carbon Nanotube; single-walled carbon nanotube; nitrogen doped; chemical vapor deposition; fullerene; hybrid structures; nanomaterials; nanomaterial;

    Sammanfattning : Carbon nanostructures have been extensively used in different applications; ranging from electronic and optoelectronic devices to energy conversion. The interest stems from the fact that covalently bonded carbon atoms can form a wide variety of structures with zero-, one- and two-dimensional configuration with different physical properties. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Photophysics of Perovskite Nano- and Microcrystals

    Författare :Junsheng Chen; NanoLund; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Ultrafast spectroscopy; Two-photon absorption; Perovskite; Nanocrystals; Photostability; Lead free perovskite;

    Sammanfattning : The demand and consumption of energy is increasing dramatically all around the world. Broad adoption of fossil fuels has triggered an enormous threat to the environment. To ensure sustainability of our species and habitat, new solutions to fulfill the energy demand have to be found. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Quasicrystal Approximants in the RE-Au-SM systems (RE = Gd, Tb, Ho, Yb; SM = Si, Ge) : Syntheses, structures and properties

    Författare :Girma Hailu Gebresenbut; Cesar Pay Gómez; Martin Sahlberg; Torbjörn Gustafsson; Alan I. Goldman; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; Quasicrystal approximant; structure; physical property; Chemistry with specialization in Inorganic Chemistry; Kemi med inriktning mot oorganisk kemi; Physics with spec. in Atomic; Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics; Fysik med inriktning mot atom- molekyl- och kondenserande materiens fysik;

    Sammanfattning : In this study, new Tsai-type 1/1 quasicrystal approximants (ACs) in the RE-Au-SM systems (RE = Gd, Tb, Ho, Yb; SM = Si, Ge) were synthesized using high temperature synthesis techniques such as self-flux, arc-melting-annealing and novel arc-melting-self-flux methods. The syntheses not only provided appropriate samples for the intended structural and physical property measurements but could also be adapted to other systems, especially where crystal growth is a challenge. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Cohesive and Spectroscopic properties of the Lanthanides within the Hubbard I Approximation

    Författare :Inka Laura Marie Locht; Igor Di Marco; Olle Eriksson; Annalisa Fasolino; Mikhail I. Katsnelson; Tim Wehling; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Lantanides; rare earths; cohesive properties; volume; bulk modulus; magnetism; magnetic properties; photoemission spectroscopy; XPS; BIS; Hubbard I Approximation; DMFT; DFT; RSPt; Full Potential Linear Muffin-tin orbitals; 4f electrons; localization; bonding; Physics with spec. in Atomic; Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics; Fysik med inriktning mot atom- molekyl- och kondenserande materiens fysik;

    Sammanfattning : We describe the rare-earth elements using the Hubbard I approximation. We show that the theory reproduces the cohesive properties, like the volume and bulk modulus, and we find an excellent agreement between theory and experiment for the (inverse) photo emission spectra of the valence band. LÄS MER