Sökning: "peroxidase"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 130 avhandlingar innehållade ordet peroxidase.

  1. 1. An Investigation of Peroxidase Activity in Biomimetic and Biological Systems

    Författare :Ekaterina Ryabova; Kemiska institutionen; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; metabolism; Metabolism; enzymologi; Proteiner; enzymology; Proteins; hemoglobin; catalysis; peptide; peroxidase; protoporphyrin IX; Biokemi; Biochemistry;

    Sammanfattning : In order to create a heme environment which permits biomimicry of heme-containing plant peroxidases and investigate the role played by the vinyl side chains of the porphyrin ring on the stability and, possibly, catalytic activity of model compounds, a number of new synthetic microperoxidases -– hemin-6(7)-gly-his methyl ester (HGH) and hemin-6(7)-gly-gly-his methyl ester (HGGH) and hemin-6,7-bis(gly-gly-his methyl ester) (H2GGH) as well as mesohemin-6(7)-gly-gly-his methyl ester (MGGH) and deuterohemin-6(7)-gly-gly-his methyl ester (DGGH) have been prepared by condensation of a peptide residue with the propionic side chains of hemin, mesohemin and deuterohemin, respectively. Reactivity studies towards different organic and inorganic substrates showed that not only five- but also six-coordinate hemin peptide complexes catalyze the oxidation of substrates by H2O2. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Studies of Electrocatalytic Reactions of NADH at Mediator Modified Electrodes and of H2O2 at Peroxidase Modified Electrodes

    Författare :Florentina Munteanu; Centrum för analys och syntes; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Electrochemistry; Elektrokemi; kinetic studies; silica gel; titanium phoshate; zirconium phosphate; NADH; redox mediator; phenolic compounds; hydrogen peroxide; electron transfer; graphite and carbon paste electrodes; peroxidase; biosensor;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis addresses: (1) studies of direct and mediated electron transfer and kinetics of peroxidases on electrodes and the development of amperometric peroxidase-based biosenors, (2) electrochemical and kinetic studies of NADH oxidation at mediator modified electrodes. The direct and mediated electron transfer of horseradish and tobacco peroxidase were investigated on graphite electrodes by using wall-jet electrode methodology. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Vitreoscilla Haemoglobin - Peroxidase Activity and Metabolic Aspects

    Författare :Malin Kvist; Tillämpad biokemi; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; metabolism; Biokemi; Metabolism; Biochemistry; Naturvetenskap; Natural science; lipid peroxidation; hypoxia; salt stress; Escherichia coli; Lactococcus lactis; hydrogen-bonding network; proximal site; mutations; Vitreoscilla haemoglobin; peroxidase activity; Proteins; enzymology; Proteiner; enzymologi;

    Sammanfattning : The function of non-vertebrate haemoglobins (Hbs) appears more diverse than that of vertebrate Hbs, possibly reflecting the various demands to be met among their hosts. Sharing structural features with other haem proteins/enzymes, Hbs display a qualitative overlap in activities with functions extending beyond oxygen transport/storage. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Electrochemistry of Heme Containing Enzymes - Fundamentals and Applications

    Författare :Annika Lindgren; Centrum för analys och syntes; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; phenol monitoring; spectroelectrochemistry; self-assembled monolayer; gold electrode; graphite electrode; direct electron transfer; cellobiose dehydrogenase; biosensor; peroxidase; kinetics; Electrochemistry; Elektrokemi;

    Sammanfattning : The thesis is a bioelectrochemical study of heme enzymes, mainly peroxidases and cellobiose dehydrogenases (CDH). It covers both fundamental and applied aspects, viz. studies of the direct electron transfer and kinetics of enzymes on electrodes, and the development of amperometric enzyme-based biosensors. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Asexual embryogenesis in plants

    Författare :Boel Mårtensson; Biologiska institutionen; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Systematic botany; two-phase partitioning; somatic embryogenesis; pollen embryogenesis; plasma membrane; peroxidase; Daucus carota isoperoxidase; Nicotiana tabacum; Ca2 transport; cell shape; calmodulin; taxonomy; morphology; phytogeography; chemotaxonomy. Physiology of nonvascular plants; Systematisk botanik; taxonomi; morfologi; kemotaxonomi. Växters fysiologi inte kärlväxter .;

    Sammanfattning : The capacity of somatic cells and pollen grains or microspores to undergo embryogenesis is an important property used in improvement and regeneration of plants. Furthermore, somatic embryogenesis as well as pollen embryogenesis show many similarities with zygotic embryogenesis and are, thus, good model systems. LÄS MER