Sökning: "peritonitis"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 25 avhandlingar innehållade ordet peritonitis.

  1. 1. Inflammatory Reactions in Peritonitis and Malignant Obstructive Jaundice Clinical and Experimental Studies with Special Emphasis on the Cellular Immune Response

    Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Författare :Johanna Österberg; Uppsala universitet.; [2005]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Surgery; CLP; sepsis; peritonitis; bacterial translocation; malignant obstructive jaundice; Linomide; COX inhibitor; SC-236; indometacin; T lymphocyte; macrophage; mucosa; MLN; gut immune cell distribution; mucosal injury; cytokines; TNF-α; IL-6; IL-10; endotoxin; caspase-3; apoptosis; Kirurgi; MEDICINE Surgery; MEDICIN Kirurgi;

    Sammanfattning : Patients with peritonitis or malignant obstructive jaundice (HPB+) have an increased morbidity and mortality due to sepsis. An altered cell-mediated immunity in the intestinal mucosa might promote gut barrier failure, increased endotoxin and cytokine release and bacterial translocation (BT) in these conditions. LÄS MER

  2. 2. The small intestine in experimental peritonitis : An experimental study focusing om intestinal energy metabolism, bacterial translocation and mucosal immunology

    Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Författare :Mikael Ljungdahl; Uppsala universitet.; [2000]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Surgery; Bacterial translocation; endotoxin; faecal peritonitis; high-energy phosphates; hypoxia; intramucosal pH; IL-6; ischaemia; lactate; lymphocytes; mucosal injury; oxygendelivery; pigs; sepsis; tonometry; Kirurgi; MEDICINE Surgery; MEDICIN Kirurgi; Surgery; kirurgi;

    Sammanfattning : The gut is highly susceptible to injury during sepsis. An impaired mucosal barrier permitstranslocation of enteric microorganisms to blood or other organs. In a porcine model sepsiswas induced by faecal peritonitis. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Biological effects of glucose degradation products in peritoneal dialysis fluids

    Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Författare :Peter Jonasson; Göteborgs universitet.; Gothenburg University.; [2004]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Peritoneal dialysis; glucose degradation products; peritonitis; peritoneum; neutrophils; macrophages; vital microscopy; microcirculation; complement; leukocyte recruitment; respiratory burst.;

    Sammanfattning : Background: It is well known that Peritoneal dialysis (PD) fluids have biological effects on a number of cells and tissues in the peritoneum and the peritoneal cavity. However, little attention has been paid to the influence of glucose degradation products (GDPs), formed during heat-sterilization and storage of PD fluids. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Effect of quinoline-3-carboxamides on myeloid cells in inflammation and cancer

    Detta är en avhandling från Immunology, Experimental Medical Science, Lund University

    Författare :Adnan Deronic; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2015]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Quinoline-3-carboxamide; myeloid cell; inflammation; cancer; peritonitis; mammary carcinoma; fibrosis;

    Sammanfattning : The quinoline-3-carboxamides (Q compounds) are a family of small molecules that ameliorate various types of murine inflammatory autoimmune disease. One such compound has also demonstrated anti-tumor effects in murine tumor models. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Acute and chronic peritonitis in peritoneal dialysis: neurogenic inflammation and citrate treatment

    Detta är en avhandling från Immunology, Experimental Medical Science, Lund University

    Författare :Nicola Cavallini; Göteborgs universitet.; Gothenburg University.; [2009]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; peritoneal dialysis; inflammation; citrate;

    Sammanfattning : The prevalent problems associated with peritoneal dialysis (PD) are ultrafiltration failure and peritonitis. During PD the patient is sustained on a state of intraperitoneal inflammation, which over time impairs structure, and function of the peritoneal membrane, leading to loss of ultrafiltration efficacy. LÄS MER