Sökning: "particulate matter"
Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 173 avhandlingar innehållade orden particulate matter.
Sammanfattning : Emissions from internal combustion engines contain many components that have a detrimental effect on the environment and on human health, such as nitrogen oxides (NOx) and particulate matter (PM). In addition, the final product of any combustion of fossil fuel - carbon dioxide (CO2) - contributes to global warming. LÄS MER
2. Respiratory effects of particulate matter air pollution : studies on diesel exhaust, road tunnel, subway and wood smoke exposure in human subjects
Sammanfattning : Background: Ambient air pollution is associated with adverse health effects, but the sources and components, which cause these effects is still incompletely understood. The aim of this thesis was to investigate the pulmonary effects of a variety of common air pollutants, including diesel exhaust, biomass smoke, and road tunnel and subway station environments. LÄS MER
3. Compositional clues to sources and sinks of terrestrial organic matter transported to the Eurasian Arctic shelf
Sammanfattning : The amount of organic carbon (OC) present in Siberian Arctic permafrost soils is estimated at twice the amount of carbon currently in the atmosphere. The shelf seas of the Arctic Ocean receive large amounts of this terrestrial OC from Eurasian Arctic rivers and from coastal erosion. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Transport related emissions of particulate matter (PM) represent a significant health risk and are therefore strictly regulated in most developed countries. An efficient technique to reduce emissions of combustion particles is to capture the particles in a filter, which must be subsequently regenerated by oxidation of the carbonaceous fraction of the PM. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Through biomass gasification, biomass can be converted at high temperature to a product gas rich in carbon monoxide, hydrogen, and methane. After cleaning and upgrading, the product gas can be converted to biofuels such as hydrogen; methanol; dimethyl ether; and synthetic diesel, gasoline, and natural gas. LÄS MER