Sökning: "parasite clearance"
Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 22 avhandlingar innehållade orden parasite clearance.
1. Bird-parasite interactions : Using Sindbis virus as a model system
Sammanfattning : This thesis focuses on the evolutionary interactions between birds and a parasite, the mosquito-borne Sindbis virus (Togaviridae, Alphavirus). In conclusion, the results show that the Sindbis virus is widespread among birds, and that the fitness of infected hosts may be reduced by the virus. LÄS MER
2. Modelling and Simulation to Improve Antimalarial Therapy
Sammanfattning : The introduction of artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) substantially reduced malaria-related mortality and morbidity during the past decade. Despite the widespread use of ACT, there is still a considerable knowledge gap with regards to safety, efficacy and pharmacokinetic properties of these drugs, particularly in vulnerable populations like children and pregnant women. LÄS MER
3. New diagnostic tools for malaria-challenges and opportunities
Sammanfattning : Nearly half of the world’s population is at risk for malaria and over 600,000 die from the disease every year. Access to prompt and correct parasite based diagnosis in order to target treatment to those with a confirmed malaria infection and improved malaria surveillance are cornerstones in malaria control. LÄS MER
4. Search for genetic determinants of Plasmodium falciparum malaria drug resistance in vitro and in vivo
Sammanfattning : Malaria remains the most deadly disease in the world with nearly 627 000 deaths and more than 200 million new clinical cases every year, the large majority occurring in sub Saharan Africa children aged < 5 years. This represents anyway a significant decrease as compared with the situation in the start of the Millennium. LÄS MER
5. New strategies and tools for Plasmodium falciparum case management and surveillance in the era of imminent resistance to artemisinin-based combination therapy in Tanzania
Sammanfattning : Artemether-lumefantrine has been an efficacious first line treatment for uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Tanzania since its introduction in 2006. Interest has developed in understanding the observation of high residual PCR determined positivity rates on day 3 after supervised artemether-lumefantrine treatment in the magnitude of almost 30% in previous assessments from 2015 in Bagamoyo district, Tanzania. LÄS MER