Sökning: "overweight"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 300 avhandlingar innehållade ordet overweight.

  1. 1. Socioeconomic patterns of overweight and obesity in Scania, Sweden

    Författare :Faisal Al-Emrani; Socialmedicin och global hälsa; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Overweight; obesity; socioeconomic inequality; social gradient; SES; BMI; social capital; birth cohort; ageing; retirement; Scania Public Health Cohort; Sweden;

    Sammanfattning : Overweight and obesity are major social and public health concerns globally. The obesity epidemic is caused by a widespread chronic energy imbalance between high-energy intake and low-energy expenditure, but this mechanism appears to be modified by a number of other biological, behavioral, and social factors that interact in a complicated manner. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Effect of Dietary Antioxidants on Oxidative Stress, Inflammation and Metabolic Factors : Studies in Subjects with Overweight and with Type 2 Diabetes

    Författare :Elisabet Rytter; Samar Basu; Bengt Vessby; Anders Sjödin; Helmut Sies; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Antioxidants; supplementation; fruit and vegetables; oxidative stress; isoprostanes; lipid peroxidation; oxidative damage to DNA; glycaemic control; inflammation; overweight; type 2 diabetes; MEDICINE; MEDICIN; Nutrition; Nutrition;

    Sammanfattning : Observational studies have indicated that fruit and vegetables, and dietary antioxidants may play an important role in reducing the risk of chronic diseases, potentially by affecting pathogenic mechanisms such as oxidative stress and inflammation. Clinical trials investigating the effects of supplementation with single or a few antioxidants in high doses have, however, shown inconsistent results and thus have not been able to support the observational findings. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Overweight and Obesity in Preschool Children : Early Risk Factors and Early Identification

    Författare :Annelie Lindholm; Stefan Bergman; Gerd Almquist-Tangen; Carin Nyman; Ann Bremander; Kim Fleischer Michaelsen; Högskolan i Halmstad; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; abdominal adiposity; adiposity rebound; body mass index; childhood obesity; childhood overweight; early growth patterns; infancy peak; preschool children; waist-to-height ratio;

    Sammanfattning : BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity in children has reached epidemic proportions in recent decades, and even the youngest age groups are affected. Excess weight during childhood often follows the child into adulthood and is associated with diseases such as cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes mellitus. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Diet and/or exercise treatment for weight loss in overweight and obese women after childbirth

    Författare :Fredrik Bertz; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :weight loss; overweight; postpartum; lactation; diet; exercise; behavior modification; DLW; body composition; RCT; Grounded Theory;

    Sammanfattning : AIM: The aim of the research presented in this thesis was to evaluate whether, dietary behavior modification treatment (D), or physical exercise behavior modification treatment (E), or the combination of both (DE), provide short and long-term weight loss compared to control (C) among overweight and obese lactating women, and if so how. METHODS: At 10-14 weeks postpartum, 68 lactating Swedish women with a pre-pregnancy body mass index of 25-35 were randomized to 12 weeks of treatment or control. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Maternal overweight and obesity : impact on obstetric outcomes in adolescents and oxytocin in labor

    Författare :Anna Ramö Isgren; Marie Blomberg; Preben Kjölhede; Sara Carlhäll; Gunilla Ajne; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES;

    Sammanfattning : Objectives: The overall aim of this thesis was to evaluate the impact of maternal body mass index (BMI) on obstetric and neonatal outcomes in adolescents as well as on treatment with oxytocin infusion during labor regarding cumulative oxytocin dose and plasma levels of oxytocin.Material and Methods: Studies I and II were nationwide Swedish register studies including 31,386 primiparous adolescents subdivided in BMI groups and obesity classes according to early pregnancy BMI. LÄS MER